Trapezius Muscle (trapeziu + muscle)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Trapezius Muscle

  • upper trapeziu muscle


  • Selected Abstracts


    On functional motor adaptations: from the quantification of motor strategies to the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders in the neck,shoulder region

    ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA, Issue 2010
    P. Madeleine
    Abstract Background:, Occupations characterized by a static low load and by repetitive actions show a high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) in the neck,shoulder region. Moreover, muscle fatigue and discomfort are reported to play a relevant initiating role in WMSD. Aims: To investigate relationships between altered sensory information, i.e. localized muscle fatigue, discomfort and pain and their associations to changes in motor control patterns. Materials & Methods:, In total 101 subjects participated. Questionnaires, subjective assessments of perceived exertion and pain intensity as well as surface electromyography (SEMG), mechanomyography (MMG), force and kinematics recordings were performed. Results:, Multi-channel SEMG and MMG revealed that the degree of heterogeneity of the trapezius muscle activation increased with fatigue. Further, the spatial organization of trapezius muscle activity changed in a dynamic manner during sustained contraction with acute experimental pain. A graduation of the motor changes in relation to the pain stage (acute, subchronic and chronic) and work experience were also found. The duration of the work task was shorter in presence of acute and chronic pain. Acute pain resulted in decreased activity of the painful muscle while in subchronic and chronic pain, a more static muscle activation was found. Posture and movement changed in the presence of neck,shoulder pain. Larger and smaller sizes of arm and trunk movement variability were respectively found in acute pain and subchronic/chronic pain. The size and structure of kinematics variability decreased also in the region of discomfort. Motor variability was higher in workers with high experience. Moreover, the pattern of activation of the upper trapezius muscle changed when receiving SEMG/MMG biofeedback during computer work. Discussion:, SEMG and MMG changes underlie functional mechanisms for the maintenance of force during fatiguing contraction and acute pain that may lead to the widespread pain seen in WMSD. A lack of harmonious muscle recruitment/derecruitment may play a role in pain transition. Motor behavior changed in shoulder pain conditions underlining that motor variability may play a role in the WMSD development as corroborated by the changes in kinematics variability seen with discomfort. This prognostic hypothesis was further, supported by the increased motor variability among workers with high experience. Conclusion:, Quantitative assessments of the functional motor adaptations can be a way to benchmark the pain status and help to indentify signs indicating WMSD development. Motor variability is an important characteristic in ergonomic situations. Future studies will investigate the potential benefit of inducing motor variability in occupational settings. [source]


    Motor units in cranial and caudal regions of the upper trapezius muscle have different discharge rates during brief static contractions

    ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA, Issue 4 2008
    Roberto Merletti
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    Motor units in cranial and caudal regions of the upper trapezius muscle have different discharge rates during brief static contractions

    ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA, Issue 4 2008
    D. Falla
    Abstract Aim:, To compare the discharge patterns of motor unit populations from different locations within the upper trapezius muscle during brief submaximal constant-force contractions. Methods:, Intramuscular and surface electromyographic (EMG) signals were collected from three sites of the right upper trapezius muscle distributed along the cranial-caudal direction in 11 volunteers during 10 s shoulder abduction at 25% of the maximum voluntary force. Results:, A total of 38 motor units were identified at the cranial location, 36 from the middle location and 17 from the caudal location. Initial discharge rate was greatest at the caudal location (P < 0.05; mean ± SD, cranial: 16.7 ± 3.6 pps, middle: 16.9 ± 4.0 pps, caudal: 19.2 ± 3.3 pps). Discharge rate decreased during the contraction for the most caudal location only (P < 0.05). Initial estimates of surface EMG root mean square values were highest at the most caudal location (P < 0.05; cranial: 32.3 ± 20.9 ,V, middle: 41.3 ± 21.0 ,V, caudal: 51.6 ± 23.6 ,V). Conclusion:, This study demonstrates non-uniformity of motor unit discharge within the upper trapezius muscle during a brief submaximal constant-force contraction. Location-dependent modulation of discharge rate may reflect spatial dependency in the control of motor units necessary for the development and maintenance of force output. [source]


    Induction of prolonged tenderness in patients with tension-type headache by means of a new experimental model of myofascial pain

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Issue 3 2003
    H. Mørk
    Tenderness is the most prominent abnormal finding in patients with tension-type headache (TTH). Recently we developed a model of myofascial tenderness using intramuscular infusion of a combination of bradykinin, serotonin, histamine and prostaglandin E2. We aimed to examine tenderness after this combination in patients with episodic TTH (ETTH). Fifteen patients and 15 healthy controls completed the study. Participants received the combination into the non-dominant trapezius muscle in a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled design. Local tenderness and stimulus,response functions, mechanical pain thresholds (PPDT) in the temporal region and on the finger, and total tenderness score (TTS) were recorded. A local, prolonged, and mild to moderate tenderness was reported both in patients (P = 0.001) and in controls (P = 0.001) after the combination compared with the placebo. The response to the combination tended to be increased in patients. The stimulus,response function was leftward shifted after the combination, compared with baseline in both groups. No changes in PPDT or TTS were found after the infusions, whereas baseline PPDTs were decreased in ETTH compared with controls (PPDTfinger: P = 0.033; PPDTtemporal: P = 0.015). Intramuscular infusion of a combination of endogenous substances induced prolonged tenderness in both patients with episodic TTH and healthy subjects. The present results suggest an increased excitability of peripheral muscle afferents in TTH. [source]


    Evidence for shoulder girdle dystonia in selected patients with cervical disc prolapse

    MOVEMENT DISORDERS, Issue 4 2002
    Georg Becker MD
    Abstract Some patients with cervical disc herniation suffer from persistent nuchal pain and muscle spasms after decompressive surgery despite the lack of clinical and radiological signs for actual spinal root compression. Sonographic examination of the brain in some of these patients showed increased echogenicity of the lentiform nuclei as described in patients with idiopathic dystonia. This has been linked to an altered Menkes protein level and copper metabolism. We suggest a relationship between persistent nuchal pain after adequate cervical disc surgery and dystonic movement disorders. Thirteen patients with persistent nonradicular nuchal pain after at least one cervical disc surgery and without evidence of continuing spinal root compression and 13 age-matched controls were included. All patients had a complete neurological examination, ultrasound, and MRI scan of the brain. In addition, Menkes protein mRNA levels of leucocytes were analyzed in patients and controls. All patients with persistent nuchal pain exhibited a constant tonic unilateral shoulder elevation associated with an ipsilateral hypertrophy of the trapezius muscle. Ultrasound examination showed an increased echogenicity of the lentiform nucleus in one patient unilaterally and in 10 patients bilaterally but in none of the controls. On MRI the T2-values of the lentiform nuclei were found to be higher in patients exhibiting a hyperechogenicity of the lentiform nuclei compared to controls (P = 0.01). In addition, Menkes protein mRNA levels were decreased in patients with cervical disc herniation (P = 0.03). Clinical, neuroimaging, and biochemical findings of this selected patient sample with chronic nuchal pain and muscle spasms after cervical disc surgery resemble alterations in patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia. This suggests a link between both disorders. A peripheral trauma to the nerve roots may precipitate dystonic movements in susceptible patients and chronic dystonic muscle contraction would account for the persistent nuchal pain. © 2002 Movement Disorder Society [source]


    Intramuscular spindle cell lipoma: Case report and review of the literature

    PATHOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Issue 4 2001
    Keisuke Horiuchi
    Spindle cell lipoma (SCL) is a relatively rare adipocytic neoplasm and is histologically characterized by a mixture of uniform spindle cells and mature fat cells. It occurs predominantly in male patients aged 45,65 years, and in most cases it arises in the subcutaneous tissue of the neck or shoulder. Although the neoplasm sometimes affects unusual sites, only three cases have been reported in which the lesion was intramuscular. Here we present a case of SCL arising in skeletal muscle; to our knowledge, the first report in 10 years. The tumor occurred in the neck of a 50-year-old male patient. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a lipomatous tumor within the right trapezius muscle. The tumor was localized beneath the fascia and was excised completely at surgery. Histologically, the tumor was typical of a spindle cell lipoma with no evidence of malignancy. An immunohistochemical study revealed all spindle cells were strongly positive for CD34. Differential diagnosis is discussed with a review of the literature. [source]


    Motor unit recruitment and derecruitment induced by brief increase in contraction amplitude of the human trapezius muscle

    THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, Issue 2 2003
    C. Westad
    The activity pattern of low-threshold human trapezius motor units was examined in response to brief, voluntary increases in contraction amplitude (,EMG pulse') superimposed on a constant contraction at 4,7% of the surface electromyographic (EMG) response at maximal voluntary contraction (4,7% EMGmax). EMG pulses at 15,20% EMGmax were superimposed every minute on contractions of 5, 10, or 30 min duration. A quadrifilar fine-wire electrode recorded single motor unit activity and a surface electrode recorded simultaneously the surface EMG signal. Low-threshold motor units recruited at the start of the contraction were observed to stop firing while motor units of higher recruitment threshold stayed active. Derecruitment of a motor unit coincided with the end of an EMG pulse. The lowest-threshold motor units showed only brief silent periods. Some motor units with recruitment threshold up to 5% EMGmax higher than the constant contraction level were recruited during an EMG pulse and kept firing throughout the contraction. Following an EMG pulse, there was a marked reduction in motor unit firing rates upon return of the surface EMG signal to the constant contraction level, outlasting the EMG pulse by 4 s on average. The reduction in firing rates may serve as a trigger to induce derecruitment. We speculate that the silent periods following derecruitment may be due to deactivation of non-inactivating inward current (,plateau potentials'). The firing behaviour of trapezius motor units in these experiments may thus illustrate a mechanism and a control strategy to reduce fatigue of motor units with sustained activity patterns. [source]


    Shoulder Disability After Different Selective Neck Dissections (Levels II,IV Versus Levels II,V): A Comparative Study

    THE LARYNGOSCOPE, Issue 2 2005
    Johnny Cappiello MD
    Abstract Objectives/Hypothesis: The objective was to compare the results of clinical and electrophysiological investigations of shoulder function in patients affected by head and neck carcinoma treated with concomitant surgery on the primary and the neck with different selective neck dissections. Study Design: Retrospective study of 40 patients managed at the Department of Otolaryngology, University of Brescia (Brescia, Italy) between January 1999 and December 2001. Methods: Two groups of 20 patients each matched for gender and age were selected according to the type of neck dissection received: patients in group A had selective neck dissection involving clearance of levels II,IV, and patients in group B had clearance of levels II,V. The inclusion criteria were as follows: no preoperative signs of myopathy or neuropathy, no postoperative radiotherapy, and absence of locoregional recurrence. At least 1 year after surgery, patients underwent evaluation of shoulder function by means of a questionnaire, clinical inspection, strength and motion tests, electromyography of the upper trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles, and electroneurography of the spinal accessory nerve. Statistical comparisons of the clinical data were obtained using the contingency tables with Fisher's Exact test. Electrophysiological data were analyzed by means of Fisher's Exact test, and electromyography results by Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: A slight strength impairment of the upper limb, slight motor deficit of the shoulder, and shoulder pain were observed in 0%, 5%, and 15% of patients in group A and in 20%, 15%, and 15% of patients in group B, respectively. On inspection, in group B, shoulder droop, shoulder protraction, and scapular flaring were present in 30%, 15%, and 5% of patients, respectively. One patient (5%) in group A showed shoulder droop as the only significant finding. In group B, muscle strength and arm movement impairment were found in 25% of patients, 25% showed limited shoulder flexion, and 50% had abnormalities of shoulder abduction with contralateral head rotation. In contrast, only one patient (5%) in group A presented slight arm abduction impairment. Electromyographic abnormalities were less frequently found in group A than in group B (40% vs. 85% [P = .003]), and the distribution of abnormalities recorded in the upper trapezius muscle and sternocleidomastoid muscle was quite different: 20% and 40% in group A versus 85% and 45% in group B, respectively. Only one case of total upper trapezius muscle denervation was observed in group B. In both groups, electroneurographic data from the side of the neck treated showed a statistically significant increase in latency (P = .001) and decrease in amplitude (P = .008) compared with the contralateral side. There was no significant difference in electroneurographic data from the side with and the side without dissection in either group. Even though a high number of abnormalities was found on electrophysiological testing, only a limited number of patients, mostly in group B, displayed shoulder function disability affecting daily activities. Conclusion: The study data confirm that clearance of the posterior triangle of the neck increases shoulder morbidity. However, subclinical nerve impairment can be observed even after selective neck dissection (levels II,IV) if the submuscular recess is routinely dissected. [source]


    Trapezius aplasia: Indications for a dual developmental origin of the trapezius muscle

    CLINICAL ANATOMY, Issue 6 2006
    Linda S. Nooij
    Abstract Aplasia of the trapezius muscle is a rarely encountered, mostly asymptomatic anomaly. We report a case of isolated unilateral complete trapezius aplasia that was noticed during a dissection course. Apart from isolated cases, trapezius aplasia may occur in different combinations with other muscle aplasias. We suggest that the patterns of concomitant muscle involvement are indicative of a combined occipital and cervical somitogenic origin. Clin. Anat. 19:547,549, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


    Partial unilateral absence of the trapezius muscle in a human cadaver

    CLINICAL ANATOMY, Issue 5 2001
    Jason G. Emsley
    Abstract We report here the partial unilateral absence of the trapezius muscle found during dissection. The left trapezius was significantly reduced in size when compared to the right trapezius, especially in its inferior third. Moreover, the existing fibers of the left trapezius inferior to the scapula were only one-third to two-thirds as thick as those on the right. The vertebral attachment of the inferior fibers of the left trapezius was also notably higher than that on the right. Morphometric analysis indicated that the surface area of the left trapezius was approximately 50% that of the right trapezius. Fiber orientation along the left and right trapezius muscles was also markedly different. An examination of nerve supply yielded no apparent anomalies, therefore suggesting that the absence of trapezius has a developmental etiology. Clin. Anat. 5:383,386, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


    Myofascial Trigger Points, Neck Mobility, and Forward Head Posture in Episodic Tension-Type Headache

    HEADACHE, Issue 5 2007
    César Fernández-de-las-Peñas PT
    Objective.,To assess the differences in the presence of trigger points (TrPs) in head and neck muscles, forward head posture (FHP) and neck mobility between episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) subjects and healthy controls. In addition, we assess the relationship between these muscle TrPs, FHP, neck mobility, and several clinical variables concerning the intensity and the temporal profile of headache. Background.,TTH is a headache in which musculoskeletal disorders of the craniocervical region might play an important role in its pathogenesis. Design.,A blinded, controlled pilot study. Methods.,Fifteen ETTH subjects and 15 matched controls without headache were studied. TrPs in both upper trapezius, both sternocleidomastoids, and both temporalis muscles were identified according to Simons and Gerwin diagnostic criteria (tenderness in a hypersensible spot within a palpable taut band, local twitch response elicited by snapping palpation, and elicited referred pain with palpation). Side-view pictures of each subject were taken in both sitting and standing positions, in order to assess FHP by measuring the craniovertebral angle. A cervical goniometer was employed to measure neck mobility. All measures were taken by a blinded assessor. A headache diary was kept for 4 weeks in order to assess headache intensity, frequency, and duration. Results.,The mean number of TrPs for each ETTH subject was 3.7 (SD: 1.3), of which 1.9 (SD: 0.9) were active, and 1.8 (SD: 0.9) were latent. Control subjects only had latent TrPs (mean: 1.5; SD: 1). TrP occurrence between the 2 groups was significantly different for active TrPs (P < .001), but not for latent TrPs (P > .05). Differences in the distribution of TrPs were significant for the right upper trapezius muscles (P= .04), the left sternocleidomastoid (P= .03), and both temporalis muscles (P < .001). Within the ETTH group, headache intensity, frequency, and duration outcomes did not differ depending on TrP activity, whether the TrP was active or latent. The craniovertebral angle was smaller, ie, there was a greater FHP, in ETTH patients than in healthy controls for both sitting and standing positions (P < .05). ETTH subjects with active TrPs in the analyzed muscles had a greater FHP than those with latent TrPs in both sitting and standing positions, though differences were only significant for certain muscles. Finally, ETTH patients also showed lesser neck mobility than healthy controls in the total range of motion as well as in half-cycles (except for cervical extension), although neck mobility did not seem to influence headache parameters. Conclusions.,Active TrPs in the upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, and temporalis muscles were more common in ETTH subjects than in healthy controls, although TrP activity was not related to any clinical variable concerning the intensity and the temporal profile of headache. ETTH patients showed greater FHP and lesser neck mobility than healthy controls, although both disorders were not correlated with headache parameters. [source]


    Neuromuscular function in healthy occlusion

    JOURNAL OF ORAL REHABILITATION, Issue 9 2010
    S. E. FORRESTER
    Summary, This study aimed to measure neuromuscular function for the masticatory muscles under a range of occlusal conditions in healthy, dentate adults. Forty-one subjects conducted maximum voluntary clenches under nine different occlusal loading conditions encompassing bilateral posterior teeth contacts with the mandible in different positions, anterior teeth contacts and unilateral posterior teeth contacts. Surface electromyography was recorded bilaterally from the anterior temporalis, superficial masseter, sternocleidomastoid, anterior digastric and trapezius muscles. Clench condition had a significant effect on muscle function (P = 0·0000) with the maximum function obtained for occlusions with bilateral posterior contacts and the mandible in a stable centric position. The remaining contact points and moving the mandible to a protruded position, whilst keeping posterior contacts, resulted in significantly lower muscle activities. Clench condition also had a significant effect on the per cent overlap, anterior,posterior and torque coefficients (P = 0·0000,0·0024), which describe the degree of symmetry in these muscle activities. Bilateral posterior contact conditions had significantly greater symmetry in muscle activities than anterior contact conditions. Activity in the sternocleidomastoid, anterior digastric and trapezius was consistently low for all clench conditions, i.e. <20% of the maximum voluntary contraction level. In conclusion, during maximum voluntary clenches in a healthy population, maximum masticatory muscle activity requires bilateral posterior contacts and the mandible to be in a stable centric position, whilst with anterior teeth contacts, both the muscle activity and the degree of symmetry in muscle activity are significantly reduced. [source]


    Partial unilateral absence of the trapezius muscle in a human cadaver

    CLINICAL ANATOMY, Issue 5 2001
    Jason G. Emsley
    Abstract We report here the partial unilateral absence of the trapezius muscle found during dissection. The left trapezius was significantly reduced in size when compared to the right trapezius, especially in its inferior third. Moreover, the existing fibers of the left trapezius inferior to the scapula were only one-third to two-thirds as thick as those on the right. The vertebral attachment of the inferior fibers of the left trapezius was also notably higher than that on the right. Morphometric analysis indicated that the surface area of the left trapezius was approximately 50% that of the right trapezius. Fiber orientation along the left and right trapezius muscles was also markedly different. An examination of nerve supply yielded no apparent anomalies, therefore suggesting that the absence of trapezius has a developmental etiology. Clin. Anat. 5:383,386, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]