Subjective Cure Rate (subjective + cure_rate)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Morbidity of incontinence surgery in women over 70 years old: a retrospective cohort study

Harriet Pugsley
Objective To compare the success rate and complications after colposuspension and tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) insertion in women aged 70 years or more compared with younger women. Design A retrospective study of patients having surgery between November 2000 and October 2002. Setting A tertiary referral, academic urogynaecology unit in a University teaching hospital. Population Two hundred and twenty-six women having surgical treatment for urinary incontinence. Methods Data on cure/improvement and complications were extracted from the notes. Patients were grouped by age at surgery and the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for each outcome were calculated. Main outcome measures Subjective cure rate and the incidence of complications by age group. Results One hundred and three patients had colposuspension, 11 (10.7%) aged 70 or more. One hundred and twenty-three patients had TVT insertions, 23 (18.7%) aged 70 or more. The cure rate for each procedure was similar between age groups. After colposuspension, urinary tract infection (UTI; OR 11.33; 95% CI 2.61, 49.28) and long term self-catheterisation (percentage of difference 9.1; 95% CI 3.0, 15.2) were more common in women over 70. After TVT, repeat urodynamics (OR 3.91; 95% CI 1.11, 13.76), recurrent UTI (OR 4.22; 95% CI 1.03, 17.26) and tape division (OR 29.12; 95% CI 3.20, 264.86) were more common in older women. Conclusions Incontinence surgery carries a higher risk of complications in the elderly including UTI and voiding dysfunction. Extended antibiotic prophylaxis and intermittent self-catheterisation training should be offered to elderly women before surgery. [source]

Midurethral sling procedures for stress urinary incontinence in women over 80 years,,

Kobi Stav
Abstract Aims To compare the safety and efficacy of midurethral sling surgery for management of urinary stress incontinence in women over 80 years versus younger women. Methods 1225 consecutive women with urodynamic stress incontinence had a synthetic midurethral sling (955 retropubic, 270 transobturator) at our institution between 1999 and 2007. Ninety one percent (n,=,1112) of the patients were interviewed via phone call with a structured questionnaire and were included in the analysis. The mean follow-up was 50,,24 months (range 12,114). Comparison between elderly (,80 years, n,=,96) and younger patients (<80 years, n,=,1016) was performed. Results The overall subjective cure rate was 85% (elderly 81%, younger 85%, ,=,0.32). There was no significant difference in cure rate between retropubic and transobturator sling in the elderly group (82% vs. 79.3%, P,=,0.75). The bladder perforation rate was similar between the two groups (3%). The hospitalization time was significantly longer in the elderly (1.6,,1.7 days vs. 0.7,,1.1 days, P<0.001). However, major perioperative complications were uncommon (1%). Of the patients who had an isolated sling procedure, 37% of the elderly and 9% of the young patients failed their 1st trial of void (P,<,0.001). However, the long-term rate of voiding difficulty was similar between the two groups (elderly 8% vs. young 6%, P,=,0.21). The rate of de novo urge incontinence was similar between the two groups (7%). Conclusion Retropubic and transobturator slings in women older than 80 years are effective and safe but are associated with an increased risk of transient postoperative voiding difficulty. Neurourol. Urodynam. 29:1262,1266, 2010. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Long-term outcomes of patients who failed to attend following midurethral sling surgery , A comparative study and analysis of risk factors for non-attendance

Background and aims:, To assess long-term subjective cure and subjective complication rates of women who underwent midurethral sling (MUS) for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in those who failed to attend (FTA) versus those who attended for postoperative follow-up. Predictive factors for non-attendance were identified. Methods:, A total of 1225 consecutive women with urodynamic SUI had a synthetic MUS at our institution between 1999 and 2007. Patients were interviewed via phone call with a structured questionnaire. Comparison between FTA and non-FTA patients was performed and multivariate analysis was utilised to identify risk factors for non-attendance. Results:, Univariate analysis revealed that the FTA rate was lower in patients who underwent concomitant prolapse surgery (29% vs. 84%, P < 0.001), FTA patients were younger (mean age 56 vs. 67 years, P < 0.001) and more depressed (14% vs. 4%, P < 0.05). At a mean follow-up of 50 24 months, the subjective cure rate was similar between the two groups (84% vs. 86%, NS). The incidence of overactive bladder symptoms was significantly higher in the non-FTA patients (34% vs. 6%P < 0.001). Isolated sling procedure (OR = 2.71, P < 0.01) and age <50 years (OR = 3.15, P < 0.05) were significant predictors for failed attendance. Conclusions:, Our results indicate that the subjective cure rate is similar between non-FTA and FTA patients subsequent to a MUS procedure. However, the rate of overactive bladder symptoms is higher in the non-FTA patients. Isolated MUS procedure and younger age are significant risk factors of failure to attend in the longer term. [source]

Comparison of outcomes of three different surgical techniques performed for stress urinary incontinence

Hakan Kilicarslan
Abstract Background: The aim was to compare the efficacy of Burch colposuspension, transvaginal four-corner bladder neck suspension (FCBNS) and the vaginal wall sling (VWS) procedures in patients with stress urinary incontinence. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients who underwent Burch colposuspension (n = 20), FCBNS (n = 29) and VWS (n = 39) for stress urinary incontinence. Objective and subjective cure rates at 3 months and annually after the operation were the primary outcome measures. Results: The patients were similar in age, parity, menopausal status, grade of cystocel and preoperative residual urine volumes. Fourteen out of 20 (70%) patients showed improvement in the group undergoing Burch colposuspension, 29 out of 39 (74.4%) patients showed improvement in the FCBNS group, and 28 out of 29 (96.6%) patients showed improvement in the VWS group. The mean length of follow up was 3.8 years (range 3,5). Conclusion: In this study, the VWS procedure had a higher long-term cure rate of stress urinary incontinence when compared with the Burch colposuspension and the FCBNS procedures. [source]