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## Spherical Quantum Dots (spherical + quantum_dot)
## Selected Abstracts## Binding energy of a hydrogenic donor impurity in an ellipsoidal finite-potential quantum dot PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (B) BASIC SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue 7 2007M. BaratiAbstract In this article, the binding energy of a hydrogenic donor impurity in weakly oblate Ellipsoidal Quantum Dot (EQD), using the perturbation theory within the framework of effective mass approximation, is investigated. In this regard, the binding energies of 1S, 2S and 2P0 states for GaAs/AlxGa1,xAs structures, as functions of the dot radius and ellipticity constant, are calculated. Results show that variations of binding energies of a hydrogenic impurity with respect to the dot dimension are similar to the case of Spherical Quantum Dot (SQD). In addition, it is found that the binding energy is inversely proportional to the ellipticity constant. This behavior is more profound for 2P0 state, where, depending on the dot's dimensionality and ellipticity, the binding energy may become negative. (© 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source] ## Spherical quantum dot under an electric field PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (C) - CURRENT TOPICS IN SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue S1 2004Gerardo J. VázquezAbstract We investigate the effect of an electric field applied to a spherical quantum dot on the energy groundstate of carriers in the quantum dot using an infinite confining potential well model. We perform a simple variational calculation for low electric fields and we find a quadratic shift of the energy levels with the electric field while for strong fields, the Stark shift of the energy groundstate increases almost linearly with the electric field. There is a transition for quasi-one dimensional to three-dimensional behavior when the dot radius is large. The comparison of our results with previous exact calculations is very good. (© 2004 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source] ## Restricted and unrestricted Hartree,Fock approaches applied to spherical quantum dots in a magnetic field INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, Issue 9 2006C. F. DestefaniAbstract The Roothaan and Pople,Nesbet approaches for real atoms are adapted to quantum dots in the presence of a magnetic field. Single-particle Gaussian basis sets are constructed, for each dot radius, under the condition of maximum overlap with the exact functions. The chemical potential, charging energy, and total spin expected values are calculated, and we have verified the validity of the quantum dot energy shell structure as well as Hund's rule for electronic occupation at zero magnetic field. At finite field, we have observed the violation of Hund's rule and studied the influence of magnetic field on the closed and open energy shell configurations. We have also compared the present results with those obtained within the LS-coupling scheme for low electronic occupation numbers. We focus only on ground-state properties and consider quantum dots populated up to 40 electrons, constructed by GaAs or InSb nanocrystals. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2006 [source] ## Resonant Raman scattering in spherical quantum dots: II,VI versus III,V semiconductor nanocrystals PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (B) BASIC SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue 6 2010Mikhail I. VasilevskiyAbstract Resonant Raman scattering (RRS) in nearly-spherical nanocrystal (NC) quantum dots (QDs) is discussed with respect to the underlying (Fröhlich-type and optical deformation potential, ODP) mechanisms of the exciton,phonon interaction. Their relative contribution for different QD materials, both II,VI and III,V is compared. It is shown that the (usually overlooked) ODP interaction is entirely responsible for an additional peak in the RRS spectra, situated near the transverse-optical (TO) phonon frequency, which has been observed for InP, InAs and, recently, CdTe QDs. RRS spectra calculated using continuum models for confined phonons and excitons and taking into account both interaction mechanisms are in excellent agreement with these experimental data. [source] ## Interface and confined polar optical phonons in spherical ZnO quantum dots with wurtzite crystal structure PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (C) - CURRENT TOPICS IN SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue 11 2004Vladimir A. FonoberovAbstract We derive analytically the interface and confined polar optical-phonon modes for spherical quantum dots with wurtzite crystal structure. While the frequency of confined optical phonons in zincblende nanocrystals is equal to that of the bulk crystal phonons, the confined polar optical phonons in wurtzite nanocrystals are shown to have a discrete spectrum of frequencies different from those in bulk crystal. The calculated frequencies of confined polar optical phonons in wurtzite ZnO quantum dots are found to be in excellent agreement with experimental resonant Raman scattering data. The derived analytical expression for phonon modes can facilitate interpretation of experimental data obtained for ZnO quantum dots. (© 2004 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source] ## Electronic structure and transport properties of quantum dots ANNALEN DER PHYSIK, Issue 5 2004M. TewsAbstract The subject of this paper are electronic properties of isolated quantum dots as well as transport properties of quantum dots coupled to two electronic reservoirs. Thereby special focus is put on the effects of Coulomb interaction and possible correlations in the quantum dot states. First, the regime of sequential tunneling to the reservoirs is investigated. It is shown that in case degenerate states participate in transport, the resonance positions in the differential conductance generally depend on temperature and the degree of degeneracy. This effect can be used to directly probe degeneracies in a quantum dot spectrum. A further effect, characteristic for sequential tunneling events, is the complete blocking of individual channels for transport. A generalisation of the well known spin blockade is found for correlated dot states transitions through which are not directly spin-forbidden. In the second part, the electronic structure of spherical quantum dots is calculated. In order to account for correlation effects, the few-particle Schrödinger equation is solved by an exact diagonalization procedure. The calculated electronic structure compares to experimental findings obtained on colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy. It is found that the electric field induced by the tunneling tip is gives rise to a Stark effect which can break the spherical symmetry of the electronic ground state density which is in agreement with wave-function mapping experiments. The symmetry breaking depends on the competition between exchange energy and the Stark energy. Moreover, a systematic dependence on particle number is found for the excitation energies of optical transitions which explains recent experimental findings on self-organized quantum dots. In the last part, co-tunneling in the Coulomb blockade regime is studied. For this end the tunneling current is calculated up to the forth order perturbation theory in the tunnel coupling by a real-time Green's function approach for the non-equilibrium case. The differential conductance calculated for a quantum dot containing up to two interacting electrons shows complex signatures of the excitation spectrum which are explained by a combination of co-tunneling and sequential tunneling processes. Thereby the calculations show a peak structure within the Coulomb blockade regime which has also been observed in experiment. [source] |