Germ Tube Test (germ + tube_test)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Candida dubliniensis screening using the germ tube test in clinical yeast isolates and prevalence of C. dubliniensis in Korea

Tae-Hyoung Kim
Abstract The aim of this study was to screen for C. dubliniensis using the germ tube test with human pooled serum (HPS) in clinical isolates and investigate the prevalence of C. dubliniensis in Korea. Among 1,854 yeast strains isolated, 1,404 strains of C. albicans (on the basis of positive results of the germ tube test) and 192 germ tube-negative yeast strains were examined. All 1,596 clinical isolates were examined using the germ tube test with HPS, the differential temperature, and NaCl tolerance test. Only 81 isolates that did not grow at 45°C nor on Sabouraud 6.5% NaCl broth were selected and tested using the VITEK 2 ID-YSTsystem and the multiplex-PCR assay for the study. The two strains, C. dubliniensis ATCC MYA-646 and KCTC 17427 failed to produce germ tubes in HPS but produced them in fresh rabbit serum (FRS) and fetal bovine serum (FBS). No C. dubliniensis was found in this study population. The results of this study suggest that the germ tube test with HPS in combination with FRS or FBS can be used for discriminating between C. albicans and C. dubliniensis strains and that the prevalence of C. dubliniensis appears to be extremely low in Korea. J. Clin. Lab. Anal. 24:145,148, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Differential diagnosis of denture-induced stomatitis, Candida, and their variations in patients using complete denture: a clinical and mycological study

MYCOSES, Issue 3 2009
Saadettin Da, istan
Summary Denture-induced stomatitis usually occurs in persons who wear a complete or a partial denture. Among the many aetiological and predisposing factors, Candida spp. are believed to play an important role in the initiation and progression of the infection. Seventy cases who attended the clinics of the Dental Faculty, University of Atatürk, Turkey were investigated from the viewpoint of denture-induced stomatitis. After questioning the patients for their personal information, they were examined clinically and smears were obtained from lesions of the palatal mucosa and the contiguous denture surface by calcium aliginate swabs, and inoculated onto Sabouraud dextrose agar supplemented with 1% chloramphenicol, and CHROMagar Candida. Individual yeast species were identified by a germ tube test, development of blastospores, chlamydospores and pseudohyphae and assimilation tests employing the commercial kit API 20C AUX system. According to the results obtained, 70% of the cases had denture-induced stomatitis, and in 68% of them mycological culture results were positive. Candida albicans was the most frequently isolated fungus (68.75%). On the other hand, fungal growth was much more pronounced in the cultures made from the inner surface of the dentures. In conclusion, this study showed that candidal infections are not the predisposing factor in the occurrence of denture-induced stomatitis, but they play a major role, as also some other factors, especially those related with dentures. [source]

Prevalence and phenotypic evaluation of Candida dubliniensis in pregnant women with vulvovaginal candidosis in a university hospital in Ankara

MYCOSES, Issue 1 2007
E. Us
Summary Candida dubliniensis is very similar to Candida albicans in terms of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics. As the hormonal milieu of the vagina during pregnancy, characterised by a lack of maternal cell-mediated immunity, enhances Candida colonisation and serves as a risk factor for symptomatic expression, investigation into the isolation of C. dubliniensis in vaginal discharges of pregnant women with vulvovaginal candidosis was made. A total of 77 Candida isolates obtained from 60 patients positive for vulvovaginal candidosis collected from 218 pregnant women were investigated for C. dubliniensis subsistence. In total 41 Candida species phenotypically identified as C. albicans on the basis of a positive germ tube test and carbohydrate assimilation tests were screened for the presence of C. dubliniensis. Phenotypic tests for differentiation of C. dubliniensis from C. albicans, such as growth at 42 and 45 °C on Sabouraud dextrose agar, appearance on CHROMagar and colony morphology on Cornmeal,Tween-80 agar and Staib agar were carried out. Only one strain (2.43%) was phenotypically identified as C. dubliniensis. According to our study, a combination of at least five phenotypic methods is necessary for an exact diagnosis of C. dubliniensis. Large-scale studies of pregnant women are required to discover the aetiological importance of this yeast. [source]

Prevalence of Candida dubliniensis among the stored vaginal Candida isolates in a Turkish hospital

MYCOSES, Issue 9-10 2004
Z. C. Acikgoz
Candida dubliniensis; Vagina; Türkei Summary In this study, 600 stored Candida species, isolated from vaginal samples of immunocompetent women, and phenotypically identified as C. albicans on the basis of a positive germ tube test, were screened for the presence of C. dubliniensis by three phenotypical methods. Only one strain (0.17%) failed to grow at 45 °C, and produced abundant chlamydospores on both the cornmeal-Tween 80 agar and the Staib agar. This strain was identified as C. dubliniensis by using the ID-32C kit (bioMerieux Vitek) and confirmed by DNA sequencing of internal transcript spacer (ITS) region. Zusammenfassung In einem Kollektiv von 600 vaginalen Isolaten, die phänotypisch als Candida albicans identifiziert worden waren, wurden mit drei phänotypischen Methoden auf das Vorhandensein von Candida dubliniensis untersucht. Nur ein einziger Stamm wuchs nicht bei 45 °C und produzierte massenhaft Chlamydosporen auf Maismehl-Tween 80- und Staib-Agar. Der Stamme wurdem mittels ID-32C-Kit Biomérieux Vitek als Candida dubliniensis identifiziert, was mittels DNA-Sequenzierung der ITS-Region bestätigt wurde. [source]

Epidemiology of Candidemia in a Turkish tertiary care hospital,

APMIS, Issue 9 2006
In order to determine the local epidemiology of candidemia, Candida strains isolated between 1994 and 2000 were identified to species level; antifungal resistance patterns and DNA fingerprints were analyzed. Identification of Candida strains (n: 140) was performed with germ tube test and carbohydrate assimilation reactions. Minimal inhibitory concentrations were determined using a commercial test for 5-flucytosine and the broth macrodilution method according to NCCLS for fluconazole and amphotericin B. Molecular relatedness was determined by restriction endonuclease analysis of genomic DNA followed by probe hybridization. C. albicans (37.2%), C. parapsilosis (32.2%), and C. tropicalis (12.2%) comprised 114 (81.4%) of 140 isolates. Susceptibility tests did not reveal resistance to amphotericin B in any of the Candida isolates. Fluconazole resistance was detected in one isolate of C. krusei, and 5-flucytosine resistance in two C. tropicalis isolates and one C. albicans isolate. Significantly higher frequency of clusters with identical strains in C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis was detected compared to C. albicans. Pediatric wards are particularly important in the nosocomial transmission of non- albicans candida species. [source]