Ductal Epithelial Cells (ductal + epithelial_cell)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Sclerosing lobular hyperplasia of the breast: Fine-needle aspiration cytology findings,A case report

Nirupma Panikar M.D.
Abstract Sclerosing lobular hyperplasia (SLH) is an uncommon benign lesion seen in the juvenile breast. It presents as a palpable, firm, circumscribed nodular lump in the breast of a young woman. Histologically, it is characterised by prominent lobular hyperplasia and sclerosis of the intralobular connective tissue. We discuss the cytomorphology and differential diagnosis. A 16-yr-old female patient presented with a painless, firm, nodular, mobile mass in the right breast measuring 4 × 4 cm. The clinical and radiological diagnosis was fibroadenoma. Fine-needle aspiration smears showed round to oval ductal epithelial cells in flat sheets and round clusters with an acinar arrangement. A few bare nuclei were seen dispersed in a clean background but no stroma was visualised. A combination of clinical findings, imaging, and cytological features of SLH can help to differentiate this condition from other palpable juvenile breast diseases. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2004;31:340,341. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Redistribution of the sheep neonatal Fc receptor in the mammary gland around the time of parturition in ewes and its localization in the small intestine of neonatal lambs

IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 3 2002
Balázs Mayer
Summary Maternal immunity is mediated exclusively by colostral immunoglobulins in ruminants. As the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) is suggested to be involved in the transport of immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the mammary gland, we cloned this receptor from sheep and analysed its expression in the mammary gland around the time of parturition and also in the small intestine from the newborn lamb. FcRn heavy-chain mRNA was detected (by using in situ hybridization) exclusively in the acinar and ductal epithelial cells in mammary gland biopsies both before and after parturition. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of the acini and ducts in the mammary gland biopsies stained homogeneously before parturition. A remarkable difference was observed in the pattern after lambing, where the apical side of the cells was strongly stained. The presence of the FcRn in the acinar and ductal epithelial cells of the mammary gland, and the obvious change in distribution before and after parturition, indicate that the FcRn plays an important role in the transport of IgG during colostrum formation in ruminants. Immunohistochemical analysis detected a strong apical and a weak basal FcRn signal in the duodenal crypt cells of a neonatal lamb, which have been previously demonstrated to secrete IgG1 in newborn ruminants. The FcRn was not detected in the duodenal enterocytes, which absorb intact IgG from the colostrum in a non-specific manner. These data suggest that FcRn is involved in IgG1 secretion in ruminant epithelial cells. [source]

Lipomatous mixed tumor with follicular differentiation of the skin

Satomi Kasashima
A very rare case of cutaneous mixed tumor with numerous adipose tissue and hair follicular structures in a 67-year-old Japanese male was reported. A well-circumscribed tumor was in the subcutaneous tissue of the cheek and far from the parotid gland. Histologically, the tumor consisted of an admixture of the adipose tissue, fibromyxoid tissue with spindle cells, and branching tubular structures. Outer layers of ductal epithelial cells and single spindle cells were often in a transition, likely as typical mixed tumor. Branching ducts connected with keratinous cysts, strands of trichoblastic basophilic cells and clear cell nests. There was a gradual transition, between small-sized adipocytes and vacuolated spindle cells. No chondroid stroma was seen. To our knowledge, this tumor is the first case of a lipomatous mixed tumor with hair follicular differentiation. The case indicates an additional wide spectrum of histologic appearances of cutaneous mixed tumor. [source]

A histopathological study of lymphoepithelial island formation in labial salivary glands in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome

Yukiko Yamamura
Abstract: The proliferative status of lymphoepithelial islands in the labial salivary glands of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients was investigated by counting the number of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs) in epithelial cells constituting the islands. The islands were classified into four groups and evaluated in terms of total area and three discrete zones of the islands. In each pSS group, the mean AgNOR number per total island epithelial cell nucleus was significantly higher than in control ductal epithelial cells. The zonal AgNOR number fluctuated during the process of island formation but became more uniform as the islands developed. Furthermore, statistically significant trends among the four pSS groups were observed in the ratio of T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes and plasma cells surrounding the islands. The results indicated that the islands are highly proliferative once island formation begins and that zonal island cell proliferation may be associated with the inflammatory cells. [source]

A 19 Year Old with Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome and Juvenile Fibroadenoma of the Breast

Steven E. Davis MD
We report a case of a 19-year-old female with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) who was diagnosed with a juvenile fibdroadenoma of the breast. The patient presented at age 18 with primary amenorrhea. She had been raised as a female and went through thelarche at age 13 and adrenarche at age 14. She had two sisters and three maternal aunts with androgen insensitivity syndrome. Physical exam revealed that the patient had no cervix, and a pelvic sonogram confirmed that the uterus was absent. Genetic analysis revealed a 46 XY karyotype. Bilateral intra-abdominal testes were noted on ultrasound and subsequently removed. She was placed on synthetic estrogen replacement therapy. Roughly 1 year following orchiectomy, the patient noticed an enlarging mass in her right breast. Physical exam revealed a roughly 5 cm mobile mass in the upper portion of the nipple-areolar complex. Ultrasound showed a solid mass consistent with a fibroadenoma. Because of the size of the lesion and the patient's hormonal make-up, a fine needle aspirate was obtained. Cytopathology showed large cohesive sheets of ductal epithelial cells, scattered histiocytes, numerous bare nuclei, fragments of fibrous tissue and metachromatic stroma. Some of the stroma was noted to be cellular. The tumor was subsequently excised. Microscopically, the lesion had epithelial and stromal hyperplasia consistent with a fibroadenoma. Phyllodes-like qualities of large size, increased stromal cellularity, and intracanalicular growth ("leaf-like projections") were noted; however, the pathologist found that the florid epithelial hyperplasia and the patient's young age were more compatible with a juvenile fibroadenoma. We describe what we believe to be the first report of a patient with CAIS and a fibroadenoma of the breast. The hormonal imbalance typically found in these patients, combined with the fact that most individuals with CAIS receive exogenous estrogen therapy, suggests that there may be a relatively high incidence of fibroadenoma in these patients. [source]

Immunohistolocalization and Gene Expression of the Secretory Carbonic Anhydrase Isozymes (CA-VI) in Canine Oral Mucosa, Salivary Glands and Oesophagus

T. Kasuya
Summary The immunohistolocalization of secretory carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes (CA-VI) in canine salivary glands, parotid, submandibular, sublingual and zygomatic glands, oral and oesophageal mucosa was studied using a specific antiserum against a canine CA-VI. In addition, the gene expression of CA-VI from the same tissue was studied using a real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. In all salivary glands and oesophageal gland, immunostaining intensely localized CA-VI antiserum throughout the cytoplasm of serous acinar cells, including serous demilune and ductal epithelial cells. In contrast, no immunoreaction localized CA-VI in the mucous acinar cells of the gland. CA-VI gene transcripts were also detected in the same areas. The physiological significance of secretory CA-VI in the oral and oesophageal cavity is thought to play a highly specialized role in the maintenance of bicarbonate level in saliva and to protect mucosa from acid injury. It is shown that the major sites of the CA-VI secretion in dogs were in serous (demilune) secretory cells in all four major salivary glands and oesophageal glands in particular. [source]

Immunohistochemistry of carbonic anhydrase isozymes (CA-I, II and III) in canine salivary glands: a distributional and comparative assessment

M. Asari
The immunohistolocalization of carbonic anhydrase isozymes (CA-I, II, III) in canine salivary glands was studied using antiserum against CA-I, II, III. In parotid glands, immunostaining intensely localized cytosolic CA-II antiserum throughout the cytoplasm of acinar secretory cells and ductal epithelial cells, especially in the striated duct region. CA-III reactivity in the glands was only seen selectively at the intercalated ductal cells. In contrast, no immunoreaction localized CA-I in the gland. In the submandibular and sublingual glands, CA-I, II, and III were all observed in the ductal segments of the glands, whereas serous demilune appeared devoid of all three cytosolic CA isozymes. In contrast, in zygomatic glands (i.e. dorsal buccal glands) all CA isozymes were observed in both serous demilune and ductal segments. In all of the salivary glands examined, no mucous acinar cells were found to be reactive for any CA. [source]