Dimension Scores (dimension + score)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

A view from the bridge: agreement between the SF-6D utility algorithm and the Health Utilities Index

Bernie J. O'Brien
Abstract Background: The SF-6D is a new health state classification and utility scoring system based on 6 dimensions (,6D') of the Short Form 36, and permits a "bridging" transformation between SF-36 responses and utilities. The Health Utilities Index, mark 3 (HUI3) is a valid and reliable multi-attribute health utility scale that is widely used. We assessed within-subject agreement between SF-6D utilities and those from HUI3. Methods: Patients at increased risk of sudden cardiac death and participating in a randomized trial of implantable defibrillator therapy completed both instruments at baseline. Score distributions were inspected by scatterplot and histogram and mean score differences compared by paired t -test. Pearson correlation was computed between instrument scores and also between dimension scores within instruments. Between-instrument agreement was by intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: SF-6D and HUI3 forms were available from 246 patients. Mean scores for HUI3 and SF-6D were 0.61 (95% CI 0.60,0.63) and 0.58 (95% CI 0.54,0.62) respectively; a difference of 0.03 (p<0.03). Score intervals for HUI3 and SF-6D were (-0.21 to 1.0) and (0.30,0.95). Correlation between the instrument scores was 0.58 (95% CI 0.48,0.68) and agreement by ICC was 0.42 (95% CI 0.31,0.52). Correlations between dimensions of SF-6D were higher than for HUI3. Conclusions: Our study casts doubt on the whether utilities and QALYs estimated via SF-6D are comparable with those from HUI3. Utility differences may be due to differences in underlying concepts of health being measured, or different measurement approaches, or both. No gold standard exists for utility measurement and the SF-6D is a valuable addition that permits SF-36 data to be transformed into utilities to estimate QALYs. The challenge is developing a better understanding as to why these classification-based utility instruments differ so markedly in their distributions and point estimates of derived utilities. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Quality of life after liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease

Stephen P. Pereira
There are few data on predictive factors for alcohol relapse or long-term functional outcome after liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease (ALD). In all 56 surviving UK patients (47 men, 9 women; mean age: 51 years; range: 33 to 69 years) who underwent transplantation for ALD at King's College Hospital over a 10-year period, alcohol relapse and outcome were assessed by outpatient and case-note review and by postal questionnaire containing (1) the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), (2) the Short-Form-36 (SF-36) Health Survey, and (3) a drug and alcohol questionnaire. At a median of 2.5 years (range: 0.5 to 10 years), 13 of the 47 respondents (28%) and 2 of the 9 nonrespondents (22%) had evidence of potentially harmful drinking (>3 units daily) at some time posttransplantation. An additional 13 patients admitted to drinking some alcohol at least once, corresponding to an overall relapse rate of 50%. The patients with harmful drinking (1) had started drinking regularly at a younger age (18 v 25 years; P = .01), (2) began drinking heavily at a younger age (30 v 40 years; P = .01), (3) had shorter pretransplantation abstinence periods (10 v 23 months; P = .02), and (4) had a longer time since transplantation (median, 5.7 v 1.5 years; P = .0004) than those with no or mild alcohol relapse. They were also more likely to report sleep disturbance (NHP sleep problem score, 45 v 16; P = .01) and use benzodiazepines regularly (7 of 13 v 3 of 34 patients; P = .002). Despite these differences, health dimension scores in the SF-36 and NHP posttransplantation were similar between the groups and to those of UK community controls. In the long term, at least 50% of the patients will drink again at some time posttransplantation, although at lower levels of alcohol intake than previously. Those patients with multiple predictive factors for alcohol relapse may be at greatest risk for harmful drinking and be the group that would benefit most from professional counseling. Overall, the quality of life after liver transplantation for ALD is high and broadly similar to the levels expected in the normal population. [source]

How to prescribe antihistamines for chronic idiopathic urticaria: desloratadine daily vs PRN and quality of life

ALLERGY, Issue 4 2009
J.-J. Grob
Background:, Chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) impairs quality of life (QoL). Currently, no consensus exists regarding how second-generation H1 -antihistamines (proven to control CIU symptoms) should be taken long-term: as daily treatment or only when symptoms return (PRN). We sought to determine which regimen improves or better maintains QoL in CIU: desloratadine (DL) daily or PRN. Methods:, Subjects with CIU initially responding to DL 5 mg/day for 4 weeks were randomized for an additional 8 weeks, to DL 5 mg/day (arm 1: ,continuous', n = 46) or to DL only on days when urticarial wheals were present (arm 2: "PRN", n = 60). To ensure blinding, treatment was presented in both arms as a combination of daily treatment (arm 1: DL; arm 2: placebo), plus a "rescue" tablet (arm 1: placebo; arm 2: DL) to be taken only in case of symptoms. The main outcome measure was QoL assessed by the VQ-Dermato, a validated French QoL instrument, and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Results:, At 4 and 8 weeks after randomization, subjects taking continuous DL showed statistically significant improvements in VQ-Dermato Global Index score (P = 0.001 and P = 0.016, respectively) and dimension scores for daily living activity, mood state, and social functioning vs subjects taking DL PRN. Improvement in DLQI score at Week 4 was also significantly greater with continuous DL (P = 0.001). Conclusion:, Continuous daily therapy with DL 5 mg is a better regimen than PRN treatment to maintain or improve QoL in subjects with CIU. [source]

Health-related quality of life over time since resective epilepsy surgery

Susan S. Spencer MD
Objective Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) improves after resective epilepsy surgery, but data are limited to short follow-up in mostly retrospective reports, with minimal consideration of other potential factors that might influence HRQOL. Methods In a prospective multicenter study, 396 patients underwent resective epilepsy surgery. They completed the Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory-89 (QOLIE-89) before surgery, within 6 months, and at approximately yearly intervals after surgery. Seizure outcome was ascertained by phone calls every 3 months, and dates of postoperative seizures were chronicled. Overall HRQOL as measured by the QOLIE-89 was evaluated with respect to seizure outcome using logistic regression. Results QOLIE-89 scores increased significantly at the first postoperative measurement (within 6 months after surgery) in the cohort overall; subsequent changes over time were sensitive to seizure-free and aura-free status. After adjusting for baseline scores, the corresponding postsurgical QOLIE-89 overall, and four dimension scores, increased as a function of square root of time seizure-free, and independently as a function of square root of time aura free, leveling by 2 years of stable seizure (aura) status. HRQOL was not independently related to duration of epilepsy, duration of intractable epilepsy, or continuation of medications. Interpretation HRQOL improves early after surgery, regardless of seizure outcome. Subsequent changes parallel length of time seizure free or aura free, stabilize after 2 years, and are unrelated to duration of epilepsy, duration of intractable epilepsy, or continued medication use. Ann Neurol 2007 [source]