Death-censored Graft Survival (death-censored + graft_survival)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The Detrimental Effect of Poor Early Graft Function After Laparoscopic Live Donor Nephrectomy on Graft Outcomes

J. M. Nogueira
We undertook this study to assess the rate of poor early graft function (EGF) after laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (lapNx) and to determine whether poor EGF is associated with diminished long-term graft survival. The study population consisted of 946 consecutive lapNx donors/recipient pairs at our center. Poor EGF was defined as receiving hemodialysis on postoperative day (POD) 1 through POD 7 (delayed graft function [DGF]) or serum creatinine , 3.0 mg/dL at POD 5 without need for hemodialysis (slow graft function [SGF]). The incidence of poor EGF was 16.3% (DGF 5.8%, SGF 10.5%), and it was stable in chronologic tertiles. Poor EGF was independently associated with worse death-censored graft survival (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 2.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.34,3.47, p = 0.001), worse overall graft survival (HR 1.62, 95% CI 1.10,2.37, p = 0.014), worse acute rejection-free survival (HR 2.75, 95% CI 1.92,3.94, p < 0.001) and worse 1-year renal function (p = 0.002). Even SGF independently predicted worse renal allograft survival (HR 2.54, 95% CI 1.44,4.44, p = 0.001). Risk factors for poor DGF included advanced donor age, high recipient BMI, sirolimus use and prolonged warm ischemia time. In conclusion, poor EGF following lapNx has a deleterious effect on long-term graft function and survival. [source]

Glomerular Size in Early Protocol Biopsies is Associated with Graft Outcome

F. Azevedo
Long-term consequences of glomerular enlargement after transplantation are not well understood. The aim is to evaluate the relationship between glomerular volume (Vg) estimated in protocol biopsies, graft function and graft survival. Vg and Banff chronic damage score were evaluated in protocol biopsies at 4 months. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) was estimated by the Cockroft-Gault formula. Vg estimated in 144 patients was 4.8 2.0 106,3. It was associated with donor age (r = 0.23, p < 0.01), recipient body mass index (r = 0.17, p = 0.04), delayed graft function (Vg = 5.9 2.3 vs. 4.6 1.9 106,3, p < 0.01) and CrCl (r = 0.17, p = 0.04). The best cutoff of Vg, Banff chronic damage score and CrCl was determined by Cox regression analysis, being 5.0 106,3 for Vg (relative risk (RR): 2.4, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03,5.6), >2 for chronic damage score (RR: 3.4, 95% CI: 1.03,8.9) and 60 mL/min for CrCl (RR: 3.5, 95% CI: 1.04,11.9). These variables were independent predictors of death-censored graft survival. According to Vg and CrCl, four groups of patients were defined. Patients with small glomeruli and high CrCl had a 95% graft survival while patients with large glomeruli and low CrCl had a 45% graft survival at 15 years (p < 0.01). Large glomerular volume, high Banff chronic score and poor early renal function in stable grafts are independently associated with death-censored graft survival. [source]

A randomized trial of thymoglobulin vs. alemtuzumab (with lower dose maintenance immunosuppression) vs. daclizumab in renal transplantation at 24 months of follow-up

Gaetano Ciancio
Abstract: Introduction: A long-term prospective randomized trial evaluating alemtuzumab, a humanized anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody, in a predominantly non-Caucasian population has yet to be reported. Methods: Ninety deceased donor (DD) first renal transplant recipients were randomized into three different antibody induction groups: group A, thymoglobulin (Thymo); group B, alemtuzumab; group C, daclizumab (Dac). In groups A and C, the target trough levels of tacrolimus were 8,10 ng/mL, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) 1 g administered twice daily, and maintenance methylprednisolone. In group B, target tacrolimus trough levels were 4,7 ng/mL, 500 mg MMF administered twice-daily, without methylprednisolone. African-Americans and Hispanics comprised more than 50% in each group. Results: A minimum follow-up of 27 months showed no overall group differences in patient or graft survival (p = 0.89 and 0.66), but a trend towards worse death-censored graft survival in group B (p = 0.05). Acute rejection rates were not significantly different: six (20%), seven (23%), and seven (23%) in groups A, B, and C, respectively. The incidence of chronic allograft nephropathy was higher in group B than in A and C (p = 0.008). The mean calculated creatinine clearance at 24 months was 81.1 5.5, 64.4 4.5, and 80.7 5.7 in groups A, B, and C, respectively (p = 0.01 for B vs. average of A and C). Conclusion: In this randomized 27-month minimum follow-up trial of predominantly non-Caucasian DD renal transplant recipients with alemtuzumab induction, lower maintenance tacrolimus, MMF, and steroid avoidance appear less effective than either Thymo or Dac with higher maintenance immunosuppression. [source]

Steroid-Free Immunosuppression Since 1999: 129 Pediatric Renal Transplants with Sustained Graft and Patient Benefits

L. Li
Despite early promising patient and graft outcomes with steroid-free (SF) immunosuppression in pediatric kidney transplant recipients, data on long-term safety and efficacy results are lacking. We present our single-center experience with 129 consecutive pediatric kidney transplant recipients on SF immunosuppression, with a mean follow-up of 5 years. Outcomes are compared against a matched cohort of 57 concurrent recipients treated with steroid-based (SB) immunosuppression. In the SF group, 87% of kidney recipients with functioning grafts remain corticosteroid - free. Actual intent-to-treat SF (ITT-SF) and still-on-protocol SF patient survivals are 96% and 96%, respectively, actual graft survivals for both groups are 93% and 96%, respectively and actual death-censored graft survivals for both groups are 97% and 99%, respectively. Unprecedented catch-up growth is observed in SF recipients below 12 years of age. Continued low rates of acute rejection, posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM), hypertension and hyperlipidemia are seen in SF patients, with sustained benefits for graft function. In conclusion, extended enrollment and longer experience with SF immunosuppression for renal transplantation in low-risk children confirms protocol safety, continued benefits for growth and graft function, low acute rejection rates and reduced cardiovascular morbidity. [source]