Dysplastic Epithelium (dysplastic + epithelium)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Expression of DPC4/Smad4 gene in stone-containing intrahepatic bile duct

King-Teh Lee MD
Abstract Background and Objectives Hepatolithiasis is etiologically related to cholangiocarcinoma. We underwent this study with an attempt to examine the expression of DPC4/Smad4 gene in stone-containing intrahepatic bile ducts (IHD) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Patients and Methods The immunohistochemical method and RT-PCR analysis were used to study the expression of DPC4/Smad4 gene in normal IHD, stone-containing IHD, and ICC. All the specimens were from hepatic resection. Results The immunohistochemical study showed that all specimens from 24 normal IHD had marked expression of DPC4/Smad4 gene, while there was 4.4% (2/46) and 33.3% (3/9) loss of DPC4/Smad4 expression in stone-containing IHD and ICC, respectively. Among the specimens of stone-containing IHD, all the hyperplastic epithelial cells showed normal expression of DPC4/Smad4 gene while dysplastic epithelial cells showed 20% (2/10) loss expression of DPC4/Smad4. The RT-PCR analysis showed that the normal IHD had the highest content of DPC4/Smad4 mRNA, which was threefold and sixfold higher than that of stone-containing IHD and ICC, respectively. Conclusion Loss expression of DPC4/Smad4 gene was found both in stone-containing IHD and ICC. Dysplastic epithelium of stone-containing IHD had higher potential for malignant transformation. J. Surg. Oncol. 2006;94:338,343. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, urokinase receptor and laminin ,-2 chain is an early coordinated event in incipient oral squamous cell carcinoma

Pia Lindberg
Abstract Cancer cell invasion is facilitated by extracellular matrix degrading proteases such as plasmin. We have studied the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and urokinase receptor (uPAR) together with the ,2-chain of laminin-5 (lam-,2) by immunohistochemistry in 20 cases with incipient oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). PAI-1-positive neoplastic cells located at the tip of the putative invasive front of grade 1 (incipient) carcinoma were seen in 16 of the 20 cases (75%), whereas adjacent normal and dysplastic epithelium was PAI-1-negative. Clusters of putative invasive neoplastic cells located in the lamina propria were PAI-1-positive in areas with grade 2 incipient carcinoma as were invasive cancer cells in areas of grade 3,4 invasive carcinoma. uPAR immunoreactivity was strongly expressed in numerous stromal cells in the carcinoma area in all 20 lesions, while a few uPAR-positive stromal cells were found in areas with normal and dysplastic epithelium. uPAR-positive neoplastic cell islands located at the front of the lesions were seen in 15 of the 20 cases. The expression pattern of lam-,2 was very similar to that of PAI-1; however, lam-,2-positive neoplastic cells were only detected in 11 of the 20 cases (55%) in areas of grade 1 incipient carcinoma. Direct comparison of the 3 components revealed colocalization in neoplastic cell islands in both incipient and invasive SCC. Our results suggest that PAI-1 is a novel potential marker of initial invasion in oral SCC, and that the coordinated expression of PAI-1 with uPAR and lam-,2 sustain the features of the early invasive cancer cells. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

TP53 mutations in clinically normal mucosa adjacent to oral carcinomas

C. Thode
J Oral Pathol Med (2010) 39: 662,666 Background:, The tumour-suppressor protein p53 often accumulates in histologically normal epithelium adjacent to oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). We investigated whether this was associated with mutations in TP53, the gene for p53, and might implicate impending malignancy. Methods:, Specimens from 18 human squamous cell carcinomas were stained with monoclonal p53 antibodies. Positive cells were microdissected with laser-captured microscopy from the tumour and adjacent normal and dysplastic epithelium. DNA was extracted, and exons 5,9 of the TP53 gene were amplified by PCR. Amplified products were separated by denatured gradient gel electrophoresis. Fragments with a deviant DGEE pattern were sequenced. Results:,TP53 mutations were found in six of 18 tumours. Fourteen specimens contained histologically normal mucosa adjacent to the tumour; 13 of these showed small clusters of p53 positive cells. Seven specimens contained both histological normal and dysplastic epithelial tissues adjacent to the tumour. A TP53 mutation was found in only one specimen; this mutation appeared in the normal mucosa, the adjacent tumour, and the epithelial dysplasia. Conclusion:, We found that upregulation of p53 was a frequent event in histological normal mucosa adjacent to OSCC; however, it was rarely associated with a mutation in the TP53 gene. [source]

Advantage of pancreaticogastrostomy in detecting recurrent intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma in the remnant pancreas: A case of successful re-resection after pancreaticoduodenectomy

Yoshito Tomimaru MD
Abstract Recently there has been an increase in the number of case reports detailing the recurrence of cancer in the pancreatic remnants following surgical resection of intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma (IPMC) of the pancreas. A case is presented here to indicate the advantage of pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) in terms of postoperative follow-up after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for IPMC. A 68-year-old man underwent PD for IPMC of the pancreatic head, and the cut margin of the pancreatic duct was diagnosed as having no cancer but moderately dysplastic epithelium by an intraoperative frozen section of histology. Thus, we decided to proceed with a PG rather than pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) in order to facilitate easier postoperative examinations. Eight years and 6 months later, during a routine follow-up examination, duct dilation of the remnant pancreas was detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Upon examination by endoscopic gastroscopy, the anastomotic site was found to be covered with a large amount of mucin from which we easily obtained both cytologic and biopsied specimens, which subsequently proved positive for cancer. In line with our diagnosis of recurrent IPMC, the patient underwent a second surgery (resection of the remnant pancreas, total pancreatectomy) and postoperative histology confirmed that indeed the patient had experienced recurrent IPMC with no nodal involvement or invasion beyond the pancreatic confines. Based on this experience, we decided to recommend PG for all patients deemed to be at high risk for the recurrence of cancer in the pancreatic remnants following PD for IPMC of the pancreatic head. J. Surg. Oncol. 2006;93:511,515. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Intraepithelial carcinoma arising in an endodermal cyst of the posterior fossa

Roberto Monaco
Endodermal cysts of the central neuraxis are benign, non-neoplastic epithelium-lined cysts arising from endodermal tissue that have been displaced early in fetal life. Intracranial endodermal cysts are rare and usually located in the posterior fossa. The present study involves a 36-year-old man with a typical epithelial cyst in the posterior fossa. Microscopically, the cyst has a simple columnar epithelium with mucus-producing cells, containing an area composed of dysplastic epithelium with evidence of an intraepithelial carcinoma. The atypical cells have a high proliferative fraction demonstrated by Ki-67 immunostain. Based on these findings, the authors view this case as evidence of a malignant transformation of a classic endodermal cyst. The clinicopathologic features and a review of the literature are discussed. [source]

Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Bcl-2 expression in sequential biopsies of potentially malignant oral mucosal lesions assessed by immunocytochemistry

ORAL DISEASES, Issue 5 2000
RL McAlinden
OBJECTIVE: To examine, for the first time Bcl-2 expression in sequential (autogenous) oral mucosal biopsies taken from the same sites in a gender, risk-factor matched, Caucasoid sample, over a 21-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective immunocytochemical longitudinal study of archival serial biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computer records were used to identify biopsy specimens derived from 12 patients. These were divided into four groups: (1) Histologically innocuous lesions which remained histologically innocuous. (2) Dysplastic lesions which remained dysplastic. (3) Histologically innocuous lesions which later progressed to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). (4) Dysplastic lesions which later progressed to SCC. This represented 65 biopsies in total. Bcl-2 expression was studied using mouse antihuman BCL-2 oncoprotein clone 124 (Dako, Denmark). RESULTS: Generally, there was a lack of Bcl-2 immuno-reactivity in the epithelium, with one exception in dysplastic epithelium from a group (3) patient. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that in our series, Bcl-2 is not expressed early in oral premalignant lesions and appears to contradict previous reports. Possible explanations for this disparity are considered. [source]

Stereologic estimation of the total numbers, the composition and the anatomic distribution of lymphocytes in cone biopsies from patients with stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix uteri,

APMIS, Issue 12 2007
The aim of this study was to present a method to obtain basic biological data on the in situ cellular immune response towards cancer. Using stereology, we estimated the density and frequency of immune cells of 10 different phenotypes in cone biopsies from 20 patients with FIGO stage I cervical squamous cell carcinoma. The anatomic distribution of immune cells with respect to intraepithelial, periepithelial or stromal compartments was recorded in normal epithelium, dysplastic epithelium and carcinoma. We estimated the number of immune cells per cancer cell, and the 3D total number of immune cells, inside cancer tissue. The tumor volume was estimated in 3D and corrected for shrinkage occurring during tissue processing. We found more immune cells in cancer compared to dysplasia and normal epithelia. A median total number of 278 ? 103 CD3+, 69.1 ? 103 CD4+ and 113 ? 103 CD8+ cells were present in the cancers. A median number of 63 CD3+, 11 CD4+ and 29 CD8+ cells were present per cancer cell. The average volume of tumors in stage IA was significantly smaller than that of stage IB. This method was found to be usable and of potential value in clinical pathology research, and for development and evaluation of immunotherapy. [source]