Continence Society (continence + society)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Continence Society

  • international continence society

  • Selected Abstracts

    Urodynamic standardization in a large-scale, multicenter clinical trial examining the effects of daily tadalafil in men with lower urinary tract symptoms with or without benign prostatic obstruction,

    Stephen R. Kraus
    Abstract Aims To present the methodology, standardization techniques, and results from post hoc test,retest reproducibility analyses for a large, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial, employing urodynamic studies (UDS) to assess the impact of daily tadalafil on men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) with or without benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). Methods UDS implemented International Continence Society (ICS) Good Urodynamic Practice guidelines and standardized urodynamic and LUTS terminology. Further standardization procedures included: equipment calibration; a detailed procedure manual and centralized training; and implementation of a central reader. Measures included: monitoring of invalid studies, comparison of actual versus expected standard deviation (SD) for primary outcome (detrusor pressure at maximum urinary flow rate [pdetQmax]), and test,retest reproducibility of the placebo arm at baseline and endpoint. Results Two hundred men with moderate to severe LUTS (baseline IPSS ,13) at 20 sites were randomized to receive either tadalafil 20,mg or placebo. All men underwent non-invasive uroflow and pressure-flow studies. Numbers of invalid studies at baseline and endpoint were 9.3% and 0.6%, respectively. Variability of pdetQmax was lower than anticipated based on actual versus expected SD of 15 and 30, respectively. Correlation coefficients were very good for pressure-flow parameters including pdetQmax (r,=,.83). Conclusions Multicenter clinical trials using urodynamic outcomes require additional standardized procedures to limit inter-site variability. By implementing centralized training with a detailed procedure manual and use of a central reader, we were able to limit common difficulties arising in multicenter clinical trials, as well as demonstrate good test,retest reproducibility of pressure flow measures. Neurourol. Urodynam. 29:741,747, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Evidence for benefit of transversus abdominis training alone or in combination with pelvic floor muscle training to treat female urinary incontinence: A systematic review,,

    Kari Bø
    Abstract Aims Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) has Level A evidence to treat female urinary incontinence (UI). Recently, indirect training of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) via the transversus abdominis muscle (TrA) has been suggested as a new method to treat UI. The aim of this article is to discuss whether there is evidence for a synergistic co-contraction between TrA and PFM in women with UI, whether TrA contraction is as effective, or more effective than PFMT in treating UI and whether there is evidence to recommend TrA training as an intervention strategy. Methods A computerized search on PubMed, and hand searching in proceedings from the meetings of the World Confederation of Physical Therapy (1993,2007), International Continence Society and International Urogynecology Association (1990,2007) were performed. Results While a co-contraction of the TrA normally occurs with PFM contraction, there is evidence that a co-contraction of the PFM with TrA contraction can be lost or altered in women with UI. No randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were found comparing TrA training with untreated controls or sham. Two RCTs have shown no additional effect of adding TrA training to PFMT in the treatment of UI. Conclusions To date there is insufficient evidence for the use of TrA training instead of or in addition to PFMT for women with UI. Neurourol. Urodyn. 28:368,373, 2009. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    38th Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society, Cairo, Egypt, 20th,24th October, 2008

    Article first published online: 27 AUG 200

    Defining overactive bladder as hypersensitivity,

    Osamu Yamaguchi
    Abstract Overactive bladder (OAB), according to the International Continence Society (ICS) definition, is a symptom syndrome, with urgency as the cornerstone symptom. However, the word ,urgency' and its definition continue to be the subject of much debate and confusion. It is generally difficult for patients to differentiate urgency from normal urge, particularly when the desire to void is strong. To investigate the micturition behavior associated with OAB, we conducted a Patient Trust Study in 21 intelligent (i.e., to be ,trusted') female patients who could clearly and accurately discriminate between urgency and urge. The results showed that in 43% of patients seeking medical care, urgency episodes occurred less than once/day, and some patients had days without urgency. Our patients deferred voiding until bladder sensation was relatively strong, suggesting that coping was not common among these patients. Four of the 21 patients studied experienced spontaneous resolution of several urgency episodes. At volumes exceeding 40% of the maximum bladder volume (MBV), urgency episodes occurred frequently and independently of the bladder volume, indicating that 40% of the MBV may be a threshold of bladder volume to induce urgency. A linear relationship was observed between bladder volume and increasing bladder sensation. However, compared with normal subjects, urge sensation increased markedly at any given bladder volume among patients with OAB in our study. This hypersensitivity was observed in our patients regardless of urgency episodes. We therefore hypothesized that OAB may be more accurately defined as a hypersensitivity disorder rather than a syndrome characterized by urgency. Neurourol. Urodynam. 26:904,907, 2007. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    37th Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 20th,24th August 2007

    Article first published online: 25 JUL 200

    The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function in children and adolescents: Report from the standardization committee of the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS),

    Tryggve Nevéus
    Abstract Purpose We updated the terminology in the field of pediatric lower urinary tract function. Materials and Methods Discussions were held in the board of the International Children's Continence Society and an extensive reviewing process was done involving all members of the International Children's Continence Society, the urology section of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the European Society of Pediatric Urology, as well as other experts in the field. Results and Conclusions New definitions and a standardized terminology are provided, taking into account changes in the adult sphere and new research results. Neurourol. Urodynam. 26:90,102, 2007. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    36th Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society, Christchurch, New Zealand, 27th November,1 December 2006

    Article first published online: 15 SEP 200

    35th Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society, Montreal, Canada, 28th August,2nd September 2005

    Article first published online: 26 JUL 200
    First page of article [source]

    First report of overactive detrusor in association with hypospadias detected by urodynamic screening

    Cuneyd Ozkurkcugil
    Abstract Aims The purpose of this study was to determine urodynamic features in hypospadic patients. Methods Thirty-seven patients with hypospadias (distal: 31, proximal: 6) underwent preoperative urodynamic study according to International Continence Society (ICS) recommendations. Statistical analysis were done for comparison between urethral obstruction and non-obstruction in patients with detrusor overactivity (DO) plus the relationship of DO with localization of hipospadias. Results Nearly 45.9% of the patients showed overactive detrusor. Urethral obstruction was found in 60.8% of the patients. The rate of DO was higher in proximal hipospadias, and urethral obstruction than distal type, and non-obstructed patients (P,>,0.005). The means overall cystometric capacity, maximum voiding detrusor pressure and maximal urinary flow measured were 132.6,± 111.14 ml (range 21,610), 72,±,53 cmH2O (range 12,181), and 7.9,±,7.1 ml/sec (range 2,30 ml/sec), respectively. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study ever to show that overactive detrusor is an accompanying entity in the hypospadic patients. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Joint Meeting of the International Continence Society and the International UroGynecological Association, 34rd Annual Meeting, Paris, France, 25th,27th August 2004

    Article first published online: 16 JUL 200

    Good urodynamic practices: Uroflowmetry, filling cystometry, and pressure-flow studies,,

    Werner Schäfer
    Abstract This is the first report of the International Continence Society (ICS) on the development of comprehensive guidelines for Good Urodynamic Practice for the measurement, quality control, and documentation of urodynamic investigations in both clinical and research environments. This report focuses on the most common urodynamics examinations; uroflowmetry, pressure recording during filling cystometry, and combined pressure,flow studies. The basic aspects of good urodynamic practice are discussed and a strategy for urodynamic measurement, equipment set-up and configuration, signal testing, plausibility controls, pattern recognition, and artifact correction are proposed. The problems of data analysis are mentioned only when they are relevant in the judgment of data quality. In general, recommendations are made for one specific technique. This does not imply that this technique is the only one possible. Rather, it means that this technique is well-established, and gives good results when used with the suggested standards of good urodynamic practice. Neurourol. Urodynam. 21:261,274, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    The risk of lower urinary tract symptoms five years after the first delivery,

    Lars Viktrup
    Abstract Aim of the study To estimate the prevalence and 5-year incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after the first delivery and to evaluate the impact of pregnancy per se and delivery per se on long-lasting symptoms. Materials and methods A longitudinal cohort study of 305 primiparae questioned a few days, 3 months, and 5 years after their delivery. The questionnaire used was tested and validated, and the questions were formulated according to the definitions of the International Continence Society (ICS). Maternal, obstetric, and neonatal data concerning every delivery and objective data concerning surgeries during the observation period were obtained from the records. From the sample of 278 women (91%) who responded 5 years after their first delivery, three subpopulations were defined: 1) women without initial LUTS before or during the first pregnancy or during the puerperal period, 2) women with onset of LUTS during the first pregnancy, and 3) women with onset of LUTS during the first puerperium. The risk of LUTS 5 years after the first delivery was examined using bivariate analyses. The obstetric variables in the bivariate tests with a significant association with long-lasting urinary incontinence were entered into a multivariate logistic regression. Results The prevalence of stress and urge incontinence 5 years after first delivery was 30% and 15%, respectively, whereas the 5-year incidence was 19% and 11%, respectively. The prevalence of urgency, diurnal frequency, and nocturia 5 years after the first delivery was 18%, 24%, and 2%, respectively, whereas the 5-year incidence was 15%, 20%, and 0.5%, respectively. The prevalence of all LUTS except nocturia increased significantly during the 5 years of observation. The risk of long-lasting stress and urge incontinence was related to the onset and duration of the symptom after the first pregnancy and delivery in a dose-response,like manner. Vacuum extraction at the first delivery was used significantly more often in the group of women with onset of stress incontinence during the first puerperium, whereas an episiotomy at the first delivery was performed significantly more often in the group of women with onset of stress incontinence in the 5 years of observation. The prevalence of urgency and diurnal frequency 5 years after the first delivery was not increased in women with symptom onset during the first pregnancy or puerperium compared with those without such symptoms. The frequency of nocturia 5 years after the first delivery was too low for statistical analysis. Conclusion The first pregnancy and delivery may result in stress and urge incontinence 5 years later. Women with stress and urge incontinence 3 months after the first delivery have a very high risk of long-lasting symptoms. An episiotomy or a vacuum extraction at the first delivery seems to increase the risk. Subsequent childbearing or surgery seems without significant contribution. Long-lasting urgency, diurnal frequency, or nocturia cannot be predicted from onset during the first pregnancy or puerperium. Neurourol. Urodynam. 21:2,29, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Overactive Bladder Is Associated with Erectile Dysfunction and Reduced Sexual Quality of Life in Men

    Debra E. Irwin MSPH
    ABSTRACT Introduction., The prevalence of sexual dysfunction, including erectile dysfunction (ED), is greater in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), including overactive bladder (OAB), than in men without LUTS. Aim., To evaluate the prevalence of ED, the impact of urinary symptoms on sexual activity and sexual enjoyment, and sexual satisfaction in men with OAB. Methods., A nested case-control analysis was performed on data from a subset of men with (cases) and without (controls) OAB frequency-matched for age (5-year age strata) and country from the EPIC study. Respondents were asked about OAB symptoms (using the 2002 International Continence Society [ICS] definitions) and sexual activity. Sexually active respondents were asked about ED, sexual enjoyment, and overall satisfaction with their sex lives. Conditional logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with ED. Main Outcome Measures., The percentage of cases and controls reporting ED, a reduction in the frequency of sexual activity or enjoyment of sexual activity because of urinary symptoms, and overall satisfaction with their sex lives was determined for cases and controls. Results., A total of 502 cases and 502 controls were matched for age strata and country. Significantly more cases (14%) reported reduced sexual activity because of urinary symptoms compared with controls (4%; P , 0.05). Among sexually active respondents, cases were significantly more likely to have ED than were controls (prevalence odds ratio, 1.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.1,2.2); the prevalence of ED was similar to that for men with hypertension or diabetes. Significantly more cases (15%) reported decreased enjoyment of sexual activity because of urinary symptoms relative to controls (2%; P , 0.05), and significantly fewer cases were satisfied with their sex lives (81% vs. 90%; P , 0.05). Conclusions., OAB, as defined by the ICS, was significantly associated with increased prevalence of ED, reduced sexual activity and sexual enjoyment because of urinary symptoms, and reduced sexual satisfaction. Irwin DE, Milson I, Reilly K, Hunskaar S, Kopp Z, Herschorn S, Coyne KS, Kelleher CJ, Artibani W, and Abrams P. Overactive bladder is associated with erectile dysfunction and reduced sexual quality of life in men. J Sex Med **;**:**,**. [source]

    Measuring the psychosocial impact of population-based prostate-specific antigen testing for prostate cancer in the UK

    BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 4 2006
    Lucy A. Brindle
    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the psychosocial impact of participation in a population-based prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing programme, akin to screening, and to explore the relationship between urinary symptoms reported before PSA testing and the response to the subsequent PSA result. PATIENTS AND METHODS This prospective questionnaire study was nested within the case-finding component of the ProtecT (prostate testing for cancer and treatment) feasibility study (ISRCTN20141297). Men aged 50,69 years from 18 general practices in three cities in the UK completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Short Form-12 (SF-12) Health Survey, and the International Continence Society ,male' (ICSmale) questionnaires before giving consent for a PSA test in a community clinic (baseline). Men with an ,abnormal' PSA result returned for further investigation (including biopsy) and repeated these questionnaires before biopsy. RESULTS At baseline, study participants had similar levels of anxiety and depression to the general male population. There was no increase in the HADS scores, or reduction in the SF-12 mental health component summary score, on attendance at the biopsy clinic after receiving an ,abnormal' PSA result. Urinary symptoms were associated with levels of anxiety and depression before receiving a PSA result (baseline), but were not associated with anxiety and depression at biopsy independently of baseline scores. Therefore changes in anxiety or depression at biopsy did not appear to differ between those with and without urinary symptoms. CONCLUSIONS This study confirms the findings of other studies that the deleterious effects of receiving an abnormal PSA result during population screening are not identified by generic health-status questionnaires. Comparisons with outcomes of studies measuring cancer-specific distress and using qualitative research methods raise the question of whether a prostate cancer screening-specific instrument is required. However, a standardized measure of anxiety identified differences at baseline between those who did and did not report urinary symptoms. These findings suggest that it might be advisable to better inform men undergoing PSA testing about the uncertain relationship between urinary symptoms and prostate cancer, to minimize baseline levels of psychological distress. [source]

    A population study of nocturia in Singapore

    BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 1 2006
    OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of nocturia in the multiracial Asian population of Singapore, using the new International Continence Society standardized definition of one or more voids per night, and to assess its associations, bothersomeness and impact on sleep. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A door-to-door interview questionnaire survey was conducted amongst a randomly selected sample of 3000 individuals (response rate 78.2%). Nocturia and its associated problems were evaluated using questions from the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and concurrently, sociodemographic and health variables were recorded. RESULTS Data from 1134 women (aged 20,95 years) and 1139 men (aged 20,92 years) were analysed; the overall prevalence of nocturia (one or more voids/night) was 55.5%, with an increasing proportion in older groups (P < 0.01). Women had nocturia significantly (P = 0.015) more often than men (58% vs 53%), and it was positively associated with poor health, with the highest odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for diabetes mellitus of 2.0 (1.3,3.1), for renal disease of 6.4 (2.3,18.2), and for strokes of 3.1 (1.1,9.2). In both men and women, the median IPSS in patients with nocturia was significantly higher than that in patients without nocturia (P < 0.001). For individuals waking once a night, only 9.5% considered nocturia a problem and 13.5% complained of sleep disturbances; these values increased to 36% and 40% for individuals waking up twice or more /night. CONCLUSION Nocturia is a common condition amongst Singaporean adults, especially in the elderly; it has strong associations with poor health and other lower urinary tract symptoms. The degree of nocturia determines whether patients are likely to be bothered by it or have sleep disturbance, which will influence their help-seeking behaviour. [source]

    Urinary symptoms, quality of life and sexual function in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy before and after prostatectomy: a prospective study

    BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 3 2003
    M. Gacci
    OBJECTIVE To evaluate urinary symptoms, sexual dysfunction and quality of life in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) before and after open prostatectomy, using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the International Continence Society (ICS)-,BPH' (ICS- male, ICS- sex and ICS- QoL) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaires. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty men with BPH (mean age 68 years) underwent a digital rectal examination, transurethral ultrasonography, measurement of total prostatic specific antigen serum level and uroflowmetry. Their urinary symptoms, sexual function and quality of life were fully evaluated using the IPSS, ICS-,BPH' and IIEF before and 6 months after suprapubic prostatectomy. The body mass index (BMI) was also calculated for each patient. Univariate analysis was used to examine the relationship between symptom scores and age, tobacco use, alcohol intake and BMI. RESULTS In a univariate analysis, age was the most important prognostic factor for both urinary and sexual symptoms. Prostatectomy resulted in a significant improvement in obstructive (mean 9.68 to 3.38) and irritative symptom (6.70 to 3.06), and quality-of-life scores (3.41 to 1.34). ICS- male scores were both significantly decreased, the mean voiding score from 13.72 to 10.28 and the incontinence score from 10.43 to 7.81. There was also a significant decrease in the ICS- QoL symptom score (from 9.20 to 7.27). Comparative results between IIEF and ICS- sex showed no improvement in sexual scores after open surgery, but there was a significant increase in sexual desire and overall satisfaction (both P = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS The combined use of the IPSS, ICS-,BPH' and IIEF allows an evaluation of the relationship between age, prostatic symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Age may be considered both a direct and indirect (BPH-related) prognostic factor for sexual activity. Suprapubic prostatectomy resolves obstructive symptoms, and maintains sexual desire, overall sexual satisfaction and an improvement in quality of life. However, irritative symptoms, erection, orgasm and sexual intercourse satisfaction are not significantly altered. [source]

    Safety of Trans Vaginal Mesh procedure: Retrospective study of 684 patients

    Fréderic Caquant
    Abstract Aim:, To study peri-surgical complications after cure of genital prolapse by vaginal route using interposition of synthetic prostheses Gynemesh Prolene Soft (Gynecare) following the Trans Vaginal Mesh (TVM) technique. Methods:, The present retrospective multicentered study comprised 684 patients who underwent surgery at seven French centers between October 2002 and December 2004. All patients had a genital prolapse ,3 (C3/H3/E3/R3) according to International continence society (ICS) classification. According to each case, prosthetic interposition was total, or anterior only or posterior only. Patients were systematically seen 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months after surgery. Multivaried statistical analysis followed a model of logistic regression applied to each post-surgical complication. Results:, The mean age of patients was 63.5 years (30,94). The mean follow-up period was 3.6 months. 84.3% of patients were post-menopause, 24.3% had hysterectomy, 16.7% previous cure of prolapse, and 11.1% cure of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). During the procedure, hysterectomy was combined in 50.3% of cases, cervix amputation in 1.5%, and cure of SUI in 40.9%. 15.8% were treated for a cystocele only. 14.8% had only a rectocele +/, elytrocele and 69.4% had a prolapse touching both compartments, anterior and posterior. In peri-surgical complications, (2%) were five bladder wounds (0.7%), one rectal wound (0.15%) and seven hemorrhages greater that 200 mL (1%). Among early post-surgical complications (during the first month after surgery) (2.8%) were two pelvic abscesses (0.29%), 13 pelvic hematomas (1.9%), one pelvic cellulitis (0.15%), two vesicovaginal fistulas and one rectovaginal fistula (0.15%). Among late post-surgical complications (33.6%) there were 77 granulomas or prosthetic expositions (11.3% [6.7% in the vaginal anterior wall, 2.1% in the vaginal posterior wall and 4.8% in the fornix]), 80 prosthetic retractions (11.7%), 36 relapse of prolapse (6.9%) and 37 SUI de novo (5.4%). Multivaried analysis shows that previous history of hysterectomy or placing of an isolated anterior prosthesis increase the risk of peri-surgical complication; preserved uterus and isolated posterior prosthesis lessen the risk of granulomas and prosthetic retractions; and association of a Richter's intervention increases the rate of prosthetic retractions. Conclusion:, Cure of genital prolapse with synthetic prostheses interposed by vaginal route is now reliable and can be reproduced with a low rate of peri- and early post-surgical complications. However, our study shows a certain number of late post-surgical complications after insertion of strengthening synthetic vaginal implants (prosthetic expositions and prosthetic retractions). These retrospective results will soon be compared to a prospective study. [source]