Burnout Inventory (burnout + inventory)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Burnout Inventory

  • maslach burnout inventory


  • Selected Abstracts


    Professional burnout and work engagement among dentists

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORAL SCIENCES, Issue 3 2007
    Hans Te Brake
    A recent development within burnout research is the shift to its conceptual opposite: work engagement. This study aimed to unravel the concepts of burnout and work engagement, and to determine their levels among dentists. A representative sample of 497 Dutch general dental practitioners was included (survey response rate of 59%), consisting of 372 men and 121 women (the gender of 4 dentists remained unknown). The hypothesized three-factor structure of work engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption), as measured by the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), was substantiated among dentists. It was also found that work engagement was related negatively to burnout, as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). However, a model consisting of a reduced (,core') burnout factor and an ,enhanced' engagement factor (composed of the three original factors plus the burnout factor, personal accomplishment) showed the best fit. Overall burnout levels among dentists are low, and the levels of engagement indicate that dentists have a positive working attitude. [source]


    Burnout intervention among Dutch dentists: long-term effects

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORAL SCIENCES, Issue 6 2001
    Hans Te Brake
    The aim of the present study was to determine the long-term effects of a burnout-intervention program among Dutch dentists using a longitudinal design. Using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Dutch version: MBI-NL), at the initial measurement in 1997 a ,burnout risk group' (n=171) was identified. This group received feedback on their scores and was invited to participate in an intervention program. Of the total group, 19 dentists participated in an intervention program. After the end of the intervention program, 92 dentists (the 19 participants and a control group) responded to a post-intervention survey in 1998. These dentists were approached once more 1 yr later, and this time 78 dentists (84.8%) returned a questionnaire. While demonstrating an improvement on all subscales of the MBI-NL at the first post-test, results show that the program participants showed a relapse at the second post-test. Controls who took action on their own initiative, on the other hand, reported a beneficial effect in the long run. Finally, controls that did not take any preventive action showed little or no progress. Possible causes for these findings are discussed, including the influence of coping style, perceived control, confounding factors, demand characteristics, and the necessity of post-intervention follow-up. [source]


    Burnout and stress amongst old age psychiatrists

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY, Issue 8 2002
    Susan M. Benbow
    Abstract Objective To investigate the relationship between work patterns, burnout and stress in consultant old age psychiatrists. Methods We sent a postal survey to all old age psychiatrists on the Faculty of Old Age Psychiatry, Royal College of Psychiatrists, list. Participants completed a workload questionnaire, the Stress Checklist and the Maslach Burnout Inventory during a specified week. Results Burnout scores were unaffected by gender and team working, but old age psychiatrists scoring within the high burnout range were younger, scored highly on stress, spent less time on research, study and audit, and more time travelling. The whole group scored highly on emotional exhaustion. Conclusions Job plans should encourage research/study and audit, and cut down travelling. The finding related to age is not fully understood, but suggests consideration of support groups for new consultants and review of whether current training programmes adequately prepare people for work as a consultant. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


    Relationship between assertiveness and burnout among nurse managers

    JAPAN JOURNAL OF NURSING SCIENCE, Issue 2 2009
    Eiko SUZUKI
    Abstract Aim:, We aimed to clarify the relationship between assertiveness and burnout among nurse managers at university hospitals. Methods:, The directors at three university hospitals agreed to cooperate with our study. During a one-month period from May to June 2007, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 203 nurse managers (head and sub-head nurses). The Japanese version of the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (J-RAS) and the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were used as scales. Burnout was operationally defined as a total MBI score in the highest tertile. Results:, Valid responses were obtained from 172 nurse managers. The mean J-RAS score of the burnout group (,14.3) was significantly lower than that of the non-burnout group (,3.3). Responses about work experience and age showed no significant group difference. Total MBI score was inversely correlated with J-RAS score (R = ,0.30, P < 0.01). Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated a decrease in the risk of burnout by 26% (0.74 times) for every 10 point increase in the J-RAS score, and by 60% (0.40 times) for greater satisfaction with own care provision. Conclusions:, The results suggest that increasing assertiveness and satisfaction with own care provision contributes to preventing burnout among Japanese nurse managers. [source]


    Burnout and its correlates among nursing staff: questionnaire survey

    JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, Issue 1 2008
    Mustafa N., lhan
    Abstract Title.,Burnout and its correlates among nursing staff: questionnaire survey Aim., This paper is a report of a study to determine the burnout level and its correlates in nurses. Background., Healthcare providers and especially nurses are generally considered a high risk group regarding work stress and burnout and this syndrome has been a major concern in the field of occupational health. Method., The study was carried out at a university hospital in Turkey during May,June 2005. A total of 418 nurses from the 474 working at the hospital at the time (882%) answered a self-administered questionnaire including the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Findings., All the nurses were female, with a mean age of 306 (54) and a median age of 29 years. The mean score was 1799(635) for the Emotional Exhaustion subscale, 572 (387) for the Depersonalization subscale and 1983 (466) for the Personal Accomplishment subscale. Emotional Exhaustion decreased with increasing age (P < 005). Total time in the job, weekly working hours, shift-working and the unit where employed influenced burnout scores (P < 005). Not being happy with relations with superiors, not finding the job suitable, feeling anxious about the future, perceived poor health, problems with personal life and financial difficulties were also factors influencing burnout scale scores (P < 005). Conclusion., It is necessary to consider nurses having the characteristics shown as the correlates of burnout in this study as a target group, to screen periodically the burnout status and improve their working conditions, especially relationships with colleagues. [source]


    Staff Morale in Day Care Centres for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities

    JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, Issue 3 2007
    Katerina Mascha
    Background, Levels of burnout, job satisfaction and intended turnover of staff working in day care centres for adults with intellectual disabilities are investigated in relation to role clarity, staff support and supervision, and coping strategies used by staff. Materials and methods, Thirty six direct-care staff of four day care centres in the UK were administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The Staff Support Questionnaire (SSQ), and The Shortened Ways of Coping (Revised) Questionnaire (SWC-R). Results, Although staff reported high levels of job satisfaction, they experienced moderate degrees of emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment and reported a high propensity to leave the service. Factors identified as relating to staff morale were staff support and supervision, role clarity, wishful thinking, staff cooperation, and other practical issues regarding the day-to-day running of the service. Conclusions, Staff in day care services for people with intellectual disabilities experience similar stressors to those experienced by staff in residential facilities with the informal culture of the service being of most importance to staff morale. Suggestions for the enhancement of staff morale are provided. [source]


    The Importance and Place of Neuroticism in Predicting Burnout in Employment Service Case Managers

    JOURNAL OF APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, Issue 2 2004
    Richard Goddard
    This study investigated the ability of neuroticism to explain variance in burnout scores obtained from a sample of Australian case managers who work with individuals experiencing unemployment. Using a longitudinal survey methodology, 70 case managers completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI; Maslach, Jackson, & Leiter, 1996) on 2 occasions. Case managers also completed the Work Environment Scale (Moos, 1994) and the short form of the revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (Eysenck & Eysenck, 1991) on the first occasion. In a series of hierarchical regression analyses, neuroticism added significantly to the explanation of variance in all 3 MBI subscales after summary scores describing work stress and work relationships had been entered at an earlier step. An investigation of whether emotional exhaustion mediated the influence of neuroticism on depersonalization found that emotional exhaustion satisfied the criteria for complete mediation. [source]


    Self-esteem in community mental health nurses: findings from the all-Wales stress study

    JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC & MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, Issue 4 2000
    A. Fothergill ph dbsc(hons)pgce rmn rgn
    The authors conducted an all-Wales survey of community mental health nurses (CMHNs) to determine their levels of stress, coping and burnout. A total of 301 CMHNs were surveyed in 10 NHS Trusts in Wales. A range of measures were used. These included the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Community Psychiatric Nursing (CPN) Stress Questionnaire, and PsychNurse Methods of Coping Questionnaire. The findings from the Rosenberg SES are reported here. Community mental health nurses in Wales scored as having average self-esteem. When the data were divided into high and low self-esteem, a large group of CMHNs (40%) were found to have low self-esteem. Factors that are associated with low and high self-esteem were identified. Alcohol consumption and being on lower nursing grades (D, E, F) were associated with low self-esteem, whilst amount of experience working as a CMHN was associated with high self-esteem. [source]


    Burnout and job satisfaction comparing healthcare staff of a dermatological hospital and a general hospital

    JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ACADEMY OF DERMATOLOGY & VENEREOLOGY, Issue 2 2005
    C Renzi
    Abstract Background Psychological distress among healthcare professionals can have negative effects on the well-being of the professionals and also on the quality of care they provide to patients. Objectives To evaluate burnout and job satisfaction of dermatologists and nurses working with dermatological patients compared with physicians and nurses of other specialties. Methods, A self-completed anonymous questionnaire was distributed to the personnel of two hospitals in Rome, Italy: a dermatological hospital (IDI) and a general hospital (GH), belonging to the same non-profit organization. Standardized instruments were used to assess burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory) and job satisfaction. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the association between burnout and working in dermatology vs. other specialties, job satisfaction, years of employment and respondents' sex and age. Results We distributed 929 questionnaires to clinical and non-clinical staff of IDI and 494 questionnaires to the GH staff (response rates: 53% at IDI and 50% at the GH). Among respondents there were 67 physicians and 59 nurses at IDI and 70 physicians and 148 nurses at the GH. Subsequent analyses refer only to this clinical subsample. Factor analysis showed that among physicians and nurses the two main factors explaining job satisfaction were respondents',satisfaction with the management of their unit' and ,opportunities for personal growth'. Among nurses the likelihood of burnout decreased significantly with higher levels of job satisfaction [odds ratio (OR) = 0.78; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.7,0.9] and working in dermatology compared with other specialties (OR = 0.46; 95% CI 0.2,0.9). Among physicians a lower likelihood of burnout was associated with job satisfaction (OR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.5,0.8) and older age (OR = 0.28; 95% CI 0.1,0.8). Conclusions Among both physicians and nurses, job satisfaction was associated with a lower likelihood of burnout, independently of clinical specialty and other factors. Burnout was similar for dermatologists and other specialists. Nurses of the GH compared with those working in dermatology had a higher probability of burnout and were significantly less satisfied with the management of their units and with opportunities for personal growth. [source]


    Significance of working conditions on burnout in anesthetists

    ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, Issue 1 2006
    W. Lederer
    Background:, The influence of working conditions on the development of burnout syndrome was assessed in anesthetists working at a university hospital. Methods:, Self-reporting questionnaires were used to assess physical health and emotional well-being (Health and Stress Profile), burnout syndrome (Maslach Burnout Inventory) and working conditions (Instrument for Stress-Oriented Task Analysis) in anesthetists. Results:, Twenty-three anesthetists (25.8%) appeared to be at risk for burnout, and three anesthetists (3.4%) had already developed full-blown burnout syndrome. Anesthetists at risk for burnout more frequently suffered from limited complexity of work (P = 0.001), lacking individual time control (P = 0.004), lack of participation possibilities (P = 0.012), and had more physical complaints (P = 0.017) and greater job dissatisfaction (P = 0.002) than did their colleagues with no burnout symptoms. Conclusion:, Job conditions providing little opportunity to influence work pace and participation contribute to the development of burnout syndrome. Communication and contact with colleagues appear to be an important preventive regulative. [source]


    Burnout versus depression and sense of coherence: Study of Greek nursing staff

    NURSING & HEALTH SCIENCES, Issue 2 2001
    Athanassios Tselebis RN, MSc(psych)
    Abstract We assessed the relationships between burn out, depression and sense of coherence (SOC) using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Beck's depression inventory and Antonovsky's SOC questionnaire in a large sample of 17 male and 62 female Greek nurses. Analysis showed that SOC in nursing staff was correlated with burnout (BO) and depression, while the latter was correlated to a lesser degree with BO. The relationship of BO with depression seems to be the result of the relationship between depression and SOC. Thus, we could hypothesize that the degree of SOC renders persons either vulnerable or resistant to both depression and BO, though further studies are warranted. In the hospital setting, the intervention by specialized personnel in order to assist nursing staff with BO may be an appealing option. Further, prevention programs aimed at helping individuals prone to BO could also be envisaged. [source]


    Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among physicians engaged in end-of-life care for cancer patients: a cross-sectional nationwide survey in Japan

    PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY, Issue 5 2007
    Mariko Asai
    Abstract Purpose: To determine the prevalence of burnout and psychiatric morbidity among physicians engaged in end-of-life care for cancer patients in Japan and to explore associated factors related to end-of-life care. Methods: Questionnaires were mailed to 1436 Japanese clinical oncologists and palliative care physicians with a request to complete the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and to report on individual factors, including confidence in patient care. High levels of burnout and psychiatric morbidity were identified using cut-off scores of the MBI and GHQ-12. Results: A total of 697 physicians returned the questionnaires (response rate, 49.6%). Twenty-two percent of the respondents had a high level of emotional exhaustion, 11% had a high level of depersonalization, 62% had a low level of personal accomplishment, and 20% had psychiatric morbidity. Clinical oncologists showed a significantly higher psychiatric morbidity than palliative care physicians. Confidence in having sufficient time to communicate with patients was significantly associated with all the burnout subscales. Conclusions: A low level of personal accomplishment was relatively high among Japanese physicians compared with previous studies. Insufficient confidence in the psychological care of patients was associated with physician burnout rather than involvement in end-of-life care. Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


    Organizational determinants of work outcomes and quality care ratings among Army Medical Department registered nurses,

    RESEARCH IN NURSING & HEALTH, Issue 2 2010
    Patricia A. Patrician
    Abstract The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and several single-item measures were administered to registered nurses (RNs) working within 23 U.S.-based Army Medical Department (AMEDD) hospitals. Data were analyzed with logistic regression for nested data. Unfavorable nursing practice environments had a substantial association with job dissatisfaction (OR 13.75, p,<,.01), emotional exhaustion (OR 12.70, p,<,.01), intent to leave (OR 3.03, p,<,.01), and fair to poor quality of care (OR 10.66, p,<,.01). This study provides the first system-wide analyses of nursing practice environments in AMEDD hospitals in the U.S. Similar to findings in civilian samples, poor quality work environments are associated with less favorable RN work outcomes and quality of care ratings. 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 33:99,110, 2010 [source]


    Burnout in Australasian Younger Fellows

    ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Issue 9 2009
    Sarah Benson
    Abstract Background:, Burnout is the state of prolonged physical, emotional and psychological exhaustion characteristic of individuals working in human service occupations. This study examines the prevalence of burnout among Younger Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and its relationship to demographic variables. Methods:, In March 2008, a survey was sent via email to 1287 Younger Fellows. This included demographic questions, a measure of burnout (Copenhagen Burnout Inventory), and an estimate of social desirability (Marlowe,Crowne Social Desirability Scale , Form C). Results:, Females exhibited higher levels of personal burnout (P < 0.001) and work-related burnout (P < 0.025), but no significant difference in patient-related burnout. Younger Fellows in hospitals with less than 50 beds reported significantly higher patient-related burnout levels (mean burnout 37.0 versus 22.1 in the rest, P= 0.004). An equal work division between public and private practice resulted in higher work-related burnout than concentration of work in one sector (P < 0.05). Younger Fellows working more than 60 hours per week reported significantly higher personal burnout than those who worked less than this (P < 0.05). There was no significant correlation between age, country of practice, surgical specialty and any of the burnout subscales. Conclusion:, Female surgeons, surgeons that work in smaller hospitals, those that work more than 60 h per week, and those with practice division between the private and public sectors, are at a particularly high risk of burnout. Further enquiry into potentially remediable causes for the increased burnout in these groups is indicated. [source]


    Predictors of burnout in the family caregivers of Alzheimer's disease: Evidence from Turkey

    AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL ON AGEING, Issue 1 2009
    Aysegul Y, lmaz
    Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to burnout in the family caregivers of Alzheimer's disease. Methods:Subjects included in the study were 44 Alzheimer's disease patients and their primary caregivers. Patients were evaluated with Mini Mental State Examination, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, Physical Self-Maintenance Scale and Geriatric Depression Scale, and carers were administered Maslach Burnout Inventory, Ways of Coping Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Results:The emotional exhaustion of caregivers revealed a significant relationship with the caregivers' anxiety, submissive approach for coping and the patient's self-maintenance. Depersonalisation was found to be related to the depression score of the patient. Discussion:This study may serve to increase clinicians' awareness of burnout in relatives of dementia patients. It points to the fact that research for determining the causes and consequences of burnout in the family caregivers is warranted. [source]


    Stress and burnout in psychiatric professionals when starting to use dialectical behavioural therapy in the work with young self-harming women showing borderline personality symptoms

    JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC & MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, Issue 7 2007
    K-I. PERSEIUS phd
    The aim of the study was to investigate how starting to use dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) in the work with young self-harming women showing symptoms of borderline personality disorder affected the psychiatric professionals (n = 22) experience of occupational stress and levels of professional burnout. The study was carried out in relation to an 18-month clinical psychiatric development project, and used a mix of quantitative and qualitative research methods [a burnout inventory, the Maslach burnout inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), free format questionnaires and group interviews]. The result confirms previous reports that psychiatric health professionals experience treatment of self-harming patients as very stressful. DBT was seen as stressful in terms of learning demands, but decreased the experience of stress in the actual treatment of the patients. The teamwork and supervision were felt to be supportive, as was one particular facet of DBT, namely mindfulness training which some therapists felt also improved their handling of other work stressors not related to DBT. The inventory for professional burnout, the MBI-GS, showed no significant changes over the 18-month period, although there was a tendency for increased burnout levels at the 6-month assessment, which had returned to baseline levels at 18 months. [source]