Big Brother (big + brother)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


THE PANOPTICON'S CHANGING GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHICAL REVIEW, Issue 3 2007
JEROME E. DOBSON
ABSTRACT. Over the past two centuries, surveillance technology has advanced in three major spurts. In the first instance the surveillance instrument was a specially designed building, Bentham's Panopticon; in the second, a tightly controlled television network, Orwell's Big Brother; today, an electronic human-tracking service. Functionally, each technology provided total surveillance within the confines of its designated geographical coverage, but costs, geographical coverage, and benefits have changed dramatically through time. In less than a decade, costs have plummeted from hundreds of thousands of dollars per watched person per year for analog surveillance or tens of thousands of dollars for incarceration to mere hundreds of dollars for electronic human-tracking systems. Simultaneously, benefits to those being watched have increased enormously, so that individual and public resistence are minimized. The end result is a fertile new field of investigation for surveillance studies involving an endless variety of power relationships. Our literal, empirical approach to panopticism has yielded insights that might have been less obvious under the metaphorical approach that has dominated recent scholarly discourse. We conclude that both approaches,literal and metaphorical,are essential to understand what promises to be the greatest instrument of social change arising from the Information Revolution. We urge public and scholarly debate,local, national, and global,on this grand social experiment that has already begun without forethought. [source]


DiPAMP's Big Brother "i- Pr-SMS-Phos" Exhibits Exceptional Features Enhancing Rhodium(I)-Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Olefins

ADVANCED SYNTHESIS & CATALYSIS (PREVIOUSLY: JOURNAL FUER PRAKTISCHE CHEMIE), Issue 17 2009
Michel Stephan
Abstract Switching Knowles DiPAMP's {DiPAMP=1,2-bis[(o -anisyl)(phenyl)phosphino]- ethane} MeO groups with i- PrO ones led to the i- Pr-SMS-Phos {i- Pr-SMS-Phos=1,2-bis[(o -isoprop- oxyphenyl)(phenyl)phosphino]ethane} ligand which displayed a boosted catalyst activity coupled with an enhanced enantioselectivity in the rhodium(I)-catalyzed hydrogenation of a wide-range of representative olefinic substrates (dehydro-,-amido acids, itaconates, acrylates, enamides, enol acetates, ,,,-diarylethylenes, etc). The rhodium(I)-(i- Pr-SMS-Phos) catalytic profile was investigated revealing its structural attributes and robustness, and in contrast to the usual trend, 31P,NMR analysis revealed that its methyl (Z)-,-acetamidocinnamate (MAC) adduct consisted of a reversed diastereomeric ratio of 1.4:1 in favour of the most reactive diastereomer. [source]


Gossip as strategy: The management of talk about others on reality TV show ,Big Brother'

JOURNAL OF SOCIOLINGUISTICS, Issue 2 2004
Joanna Thornborrow
In this paper we examine the nature of gossip talk as an activity type in the context of the TV game show ,Big Brother'. Using a detailed analytic approach to the situated nature of gossip sequences, we show how participants in the show manage gossip talk strategically to establish social relationships within the house, as well as to present themselves in a positive way to the viewing (and voting) audience. We argue that there is a contextual double framing for talk in the Big Brother (BB) house which participants are orienting to, both as members of a social group, and as players in a TV game show. The paper thus contributes to existing work on the social function of gossip, as well as exploring its strategic function in this particular interactional context, calling into question the nature of ,natural' discourse. [source]